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Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Age-specific Arrest Rate Trends
Q: What is the trend for age-specific arrest rates for murder?
A: Murder arrest rates declined for all age groups between 1980 and 2012.

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  • In contrast to aggravated assault arrest rates, murder rates increased only among juveniles and adults younger than age 25 between 1980 and 1993. During this period, arrest rates for youth ages 15-17 increased an average of 153% and 59% for adults ages 18-24. Murder rates declined 9% for adults ages 25-29, 32% for those ages 30-34, and 38% for those ages 35-39.
  • Between 1993 and 2012, murder arrest rates declined for all age groups, but the declines were greater for juveniles than for adults. More specifically, the rates dropped an average of 84% for youth ages 15-17, compared with 61% for adults ages 18-24, 46% for those ages 25-29, and 42% for those ages 30-39.
  • Overall from 1980 to 2012, murder arrest rates declined for all age groups. The rates decreased 51% for adults ages 25-29, 59% for those ages 30-34, 69% for those ages 35-39, and 67% for those ages 40-44. Rates for juveniles and young adults experienced similar declines during this period: rates for juveniles ages 15-17 decreased 61%; adults ages 18-24 fell 42%.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/qa05302.asp?qaDate=2012. Released on December 16, 2014.

Data Source: Arrest estimates developed by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and disseminated through “Arrest Data Analysis Tool.” Online. Available from the BJS website. Retrieved October 14, 2014.


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