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Age-specific Arrest Rate Trends
Q: What is the trend for age-specific arrest rates for robbery?
A: Since 1980, robbery arrest rates have decreased for nearly all age groups - the decrease was greater for juveniles than adults.

Robbery arrests per 100,000 population, 1980, 1994, 2012

Age 1980 1994 2012
10 to 12 17.4 25.2 4.2
13 to 14 114.5 166.3 44.1
Age 15 230.5 317.8 104.2
Age 16 283.0 384.7 141.1
Age 17 309.6 385.2 165.6
Age 18 297.2 367.2 188.6
Age 19 254.7 283.5 173.0
Age 20 221.3 226.5 143.3
Age 21 202.9 197.9 122.8
Age 22 171.7 172.7 108.8
Age 23 158.2 154.3 96.8
Age 24 143.6 140.2 89.7
25 to 29 101.1 116.9 65.8
30 to 34 57.3 81.9 44.7
35 to 39 30.8 50.8 28.4
40 to 44 17.9 26.4 22.3
45 to 49 10.5 12.2 17.0
50 to 54 5.7 5.8 9.7
55 to 59 3.0 2.7 4.4
60 to 64 1.8 1.4 1.8
  • In comparison to aggravated assault, robbery arrest rates increased less across age groups between 1980 and 1994.
  • Between 1994 and 2012, robbery arrest rates declined for all age groups, but the declines were somewhat greater for juveniles than for adults. More specifically, the rates dropped 63% for youth ages 15-17, compared with 39% for adults ages 18-24, 44% for those ages 25-29, and 45% for those ages 30-39.
  • Overall from 1980 to 2012, robbery arrest rates for youth ages 15-17 decreased 50%. In comparison, the robbery arrest rates for adults showed smaller declines or increased. More specifically, the rates decreased 37% for adults ages 18-24, 35% for adults ages 25-29, and 22% for those ages 30-34. The rate increased 25% among those ages 40-44,62% for those ages 45-49, and 70% for those ages 50-54.
  • Across all juvenile age groups, age-specific robbery arrest rates in 2012 were at their lowest level since at least 1980.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/qa05304.asp?qaDate=2012. Released on December 16, 2014.

Data Source: Arrest estimates developed by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and disseminated through “Arrest Data Analysis Tool.” Online. Available from the BJS website. Retrieved October 14, 2014.