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Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime

Estimated number of arrests by offense and race, 2020
Age: All ages

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Offenses All races White Black American Indian Asian
All offenses7,632,4705,335,6101,992,510185,300119,050
Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter12,4405,6806,380180210
Aggravated assault381,190236,520127,0109,7807,880
Motor vehicle theft83,22058,27021,8801,7501,310
Simple assault906,980591,230277,59021,65016,520
Forgery and counterfeiting32,50022,3509,210340600
Stolen property (buying, receiving, possessing)88,32054,80030,3201,4001,790
Weapons (carrying, possessing, etc.)166,20086,16076,0201,7402,280
Prostitution and commercialized vice16,7708,8906,85080950
Sex offenses (except rape & prostitution)NANANANANA
Drug abuse violations1,155,610834,800287,43017,23016,150
Offenses against the family and children59,40040,52014,2204,110550
Driving under the influence778,910628,640117,28016,85016,140
Liquor laws104,20081,30014,4006,9501,550
Disorderly conduct225,800147,53065,26010,4302,580
All other offenses (except traffic)2,228,3301,589,870556,68051,80029,980
Curfew and loitering11,6808,2602,950300170
Violent Crime IndexNANANANANA
Property Crime Index871,370593,990247,65017,55012,180
Violent crimes*461,540274,280167,03010,9509,280

Violent Crime Index includes murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.

Property Crime Index includes, burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson.

NA: Beginning in 2013, the FBI broadened the definition of rape, removing the phrase "forcible" from the offense name and description. The new definition of rape is: Penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim. The new definition includes the NIBRS offenses of rape, sodomy, and sexual assault with an object.

Law enforcement agencies may submit data on rape arrests based on either the new or legacy definition of rape. Due to differences in agency reporting practices, national estimates for the offenses of "rape" and "sex offenses" are not available after 2012. Additionally, estimates for the Violent Crime Index (which included "forcible rape") are not shown after 2012 as this category is no longer compatible with prior years.

* The "violent crimes" category includes the offenses of murder, robbery, and aggravated assault and is presented as an alternative to the Violent Crime Index, which is not available as a result of the change to the definition of rape in 2013. In any given year prior to the change in the rape definition, these three offenses accounted for more than 95% of arrests for Violent Crime Index offenses.

2020 was the peak of the coronavirus pandemic, which may have impacted policies, procedures, and data collection activities. Additionally, stay-at-home orders likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior that came to the attention of law enforcement in 2020.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Estimated number of arrests by offense and race, 2020. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/ucr.asp?table_in=2. Released on July 08, 2022.

Data source: Arrest estimates for 1980-2014 developed by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and disseminated through "Arrest Data Analysis Tool." Online. Available from the BJS website.

Arrest estimates for 2015-2020 were developed by the National Center for Juvenile Justice based on the FBI’s annual Master Arrest Files of 12-month reporting departments available from the Crime Data Explorer. Arrest estimates for 2015-2019 were revised in June 2022.


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