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EZAJCS Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics: 1985-2016

Percent of delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts

Year Total Female Under 16 White Black American Indian Asian/NHPI Hispanic*
2016 850,500 28% 52% 44% 36% 2% 1% 18%
2015 888,900 28% 52% 44% 35% 2% 1% 18%
2014 948,300 28% 53% 43% 36% 2% 1% 18%
2013 1,019,900 28% 53% 44% 35% 2% 1% 18%
2012 1,120,400 28% 53% 45% 34% 2% 1% 18%
2011 1,223,800 28% 53% 45% 34% 2% 1% 19%
2010 1,343,500 28% 52% 45% 34% 1% 1% 18%
2009 1,465,000 28% 52% 46% 34% 1% 1% 18%
2008 1,596,900 27% 53% 46% 34% 1% 1% 17%
2007 1,620,900 27% 54% 47% 34% 1% 1% 17%
2006 1,615,100 27% 56% 47% 34% 1% 1% 16%
2005 1,678,600 27% 57% 48% 33% 1% 1% 16%
2004 1,673,400 27% 58% 65% 32% 2% 1% 0
2003 1,670,600 27% 58% 66% 31% 2% 1% 0
2002 1,671,700 27% 58% 67% 30% 2% 1% 0
2001 1,679,500 26% 59% 68% 29% 2% 1% 0
2000 1,720,400 25% 58% 68% 29% 1% 1% 0
1999 1,743,800 25% 58% 68% 29% 2% 1% 0
1998 1,806,900 24% 58% 69% 29% 2% 1% 0
1997 1,880,900 24% 59% 68% 30% 2% 1% 0
1996 1,865,200 23% 60% 68% 29% 2% 1% 0
1995 1,825,600 22% 61% 67% 30% 1% 1% 0
1994 1,713,300 22% 62% 67% 30% 2% 1% 0
1993 1,577,700 21% 62% 67% 30% 2% 1% 0
1992 1,521,300 20% 62% 67% 30% 2% 1% 0
1991 1,448,200 20% 62% 67% 30% 2% 1% 0
1990 1,325,100 20% 61% 68% 29% 2% 1% 0
1989 1,250,700 19% 60% 69% 29% 2% 1% 0
1988 1,223,700 19% 58% 69% 28% 2% 1% 0
1987 1,212,700 20% 58% 71% 26% 2% 1% 0
1986 1,212,100 19% 59% 72% 25% 2% 1% 0
1985 1,161,900 19% 61% 73% 24% 2% 1% 0

With the release of the 2014 data, detailed race estimates developed by the National Juvenile Court Data Archive (Archive) project were expanded to include estimates for cases involving Hispanic youth for data years 2005-2014. As a result of this change, the race data shown in this table are not comparable across all data years. For the 1985-2004 data period, the Archive project developed race estimates for 4 race groups (White, Black/African-American, American Indian/Alaskan Native, and Asian/Pacific Islanders) without consideration of ethnicity; that is, during this data period, persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race and are included within each of the four racial groups. Beginning with the 2005 data year, persons of Hispanic ethnicity are treated as a distinct race group and are excluded from the other race groups. For this reason, race estimates for the 1985-2004 data period are not comparable to the race estimates for the 2005-present data period. An important exception must be noted. Data provided to the project did not always allow for identification of Hispanic ethnicity for cases involving American Indian youth. Specifically, data from many jurisdictions did not include any means to determine the ethnicity of American Indian youth. Rather than assume ethnicity for these youth, they are classified solely on their racial classification; as such, the American Indian group includes an unknown proportion of Hispanic youth.

Suggested citation: Sickmund, M., Sladky, A., and Kang, W. (2018). "Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics: 1985-2016." Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezajcs/

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