• The person offense case rate declined 45% between 2005 and 2018.[Read more]
  • Case rates for drug offenses were cut in half between the 1997 peak and 2018, - from 6.5 to 3.2 cases per 1,000 youth under juvenile court jurisdiction.[Read more]
  • The female and male delinquency case rates declined steadily between 2008 and 2018. [Read more]
  • In 2018, the drug offense case rate for males was nearly three times the female rate. [Read more]
  • Between 2005 and 2018, the person offense case rate decreased most for Asian youth (64%), followed by Hispanic youth (45%), black youth (36%), white youth (42%), and American Indian youth (33%). [Read more]
  • From 2005 to 2018, drug offense case rates fell most sharply for Asian and black youth. [Read more]
  • The decrease in the overall status offense case rate was about the same for males (down 48%) and females (down 47%) between 2005 and 2018. [Read more]
  • Since 2005, the female rate for curfew violation cases fell 75%, while the male case rate decreased 72%. [Read more]
  • Between 2005 and 2018, the runaway case rate decreased most for Asian youth (90%), followed by American Indian (70%), white youth (58%), Hispanic (56%), and black youth (49%). [Read more]
  • Across race groups, curfew violation case rates in 2018 were at their lowest level since at least 2005. [Read more]
  • In 2018 courts with juvenile jurisdiction disposed approximately 744,500 delinquency cases, the fewest number of cases handled since the mid-1970s.[Read more]
  • Delinquency case rates generally increase with the age of the juvenile; however, within offense categories, there are variations in the pattern of age-specific case rates.[Read more]
  • Females accounted for over one-fourth (27%) of the 744,500 delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts in 2018, youth under age 16 accounted for 53% of all cases, and minority youth accounted for more than half (56%) of all cases.[Read more]
  • The typical delinquency case involves a white male under the age of 16; however, the demographic profile of varies by offense.[Read more]
  • Drug offense cases were most likely to involve detention between 1986 and 1994; since 2003, person offense cases were most likely to involve detention.[Read more]
  • The proportion of formally handled cases that did not result in a delinquency adjudication increased between 1985 and 2018.[Read more]
  • In 2018, an estimated 101,400 petitioned status offense cases were handled in juvenile court.[Read more]
  • Females accounted for 44% of the estimated 97,800 petitioned status offense handled by juvenile courts in 2018, youth under age 16 accounted for 57%, and white youth accounted for 61%.[Read more]
  • The likelihood of detention decreased between five and nine percentage points for all status offense groups between 2005 and 2018.[Read more]
  • While the use of informal sanctions remained relatively stable between 2005 and 2018, a larger proportion of petitioned status offense cases were dismissed in 2018 (54%) than in 2005 (35%).[Read more]

Quick Links


Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Statistical Briefing Book
National Center for Juvenile Justice