The person offense case rate declined 45% between 2005 and 2018.[Read more]
Case rates for drug offenses were cut in half between the 1997 peak and 2018, - from 6.5 to 3.2 cases per 1,000 youth under juvenile court jurisdiction.[Read more]
The female and male delinquency case rates declined steadily between 2008 and 2018.
In 2018, the drug offense case rate for males was nearly three times the female rate.
Between 2005 and 2018, the person offense case rate decreased most for Asian youth (64%), followed by Hispanic youth (45%), black youth (36%), white youth (42%), and American Indian youth (33%).
From 2005 to 2018, drug offense case rates fell most sharply for Asian and black youth.
The decrease in the overall status offense case rate was about the same for males (down 48%) and females (down 47%) between 2005 and 2018.
Since 2005, the female rate for curfew violation cases fell 75%, while the male case rate decreased 72%.
Between 2005 and 2018, the runaway case rate decreased most for Asian youth (90%), followed by American Indian (70%), white youth (58%), Hispanic (56%), and black youth (49%).
Across race groups, curfew violation case rates in 2018 were at their lowest level since at least 2005.
In 2018 courts with juvenile jurisdiction disposed approximately 744,500 delinquency cases, the fewest number of cases handled since the mid-1970s.[Read more]
Delinquency case rates generally increase with the age of the juvenile; however, within offense categories, there are variations in the pattern of age-specific case rates.[Read more]
Females accounted for over one-fourth (27%) of the 744,500 delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts in 2018, youth under age 16 accounted for 53% of all cases, and minority youth accounted for more than half (56%) of all cases.[Read more]
The typical delinquency case involves a white male under the age of 16; however, the demographic profile of varies by offense.[Read more]
Drug offense cases were most likely to involve detention between 1986 and 1994; since 2003, person offense cases were most likely to involve detention.[Read more]
The proportion of formally handled cases that did not result in a delinquency adjudication increased between 1985 and 2018.[Read more]
In 2018, an estimated 101,400 petitioned status offense cases were handled in juvenile court.[Read more]
Females accounted for 44% of the estimated 97,800 petitioned status offense handled by juvenile courts in 2018, youth under age 16 accounted for 57%, and white youth accounted for 61%.[Read more]
The likelihood of detention decreased between five and nine percentage points for all status offense groups between 2005 and 2018.[Read more]
While the use of informal sanctions remained relatively stable between 2005 and 2018, a larger proportion of petitioned status offense cases were dismissed in 2018 (54%) than in 2005 (35%).[Read more]