• The person offense case rate declined 40% between 2007 and 2017.[Read more]
  • Case rates for drug offenses increased 15% between 1985 and 2017 - from 3.0 to 3.4 cases per 1,000 youth under juvenile court jurisdiction.[Read more]
  • The female delinquency case rate increased more - and declined less - than the male rate between 1985 and 2017. [Read more]
  • In 2017, the drug offense case rate for males was three times the female rate. [Read more]
  • Between 2005 and 2017, the person offense case rate decreased most for Asian youth (58%), followed by Hispanic youth and black youth (39% each), white youth (36%), and American Indian (32%). [Read more]
  • Drug offense case rates for black and Asian youth showed the greatest decline between 2005 and 2017. [Read more]
  • The decrease in the overall status offense case rate was the same (down 47% each) for males and females between 2005 and 2017. [Read more]
  • Between 2005 and 2015, the female rate for curfew violation cases fell 67%, while the male case rate decreased 61%. [Read more]
  • Between 2005 and 2017, the runaway case rate decreased most for Asian youth (86%), followed by American Indian (66%), Hispanic (65%), black youth (49%), and white youth (44%) . [Read more]
  • Curfew violation case rates for Asian and Hispanic youth showed the greatest decline between 2005 and 2017. [Read more]
  • In 2017 courts with juvenile jurisdiction disposed approximately 818,900 delinquency cases, the fewest number of cases handled since the mid-1970s.[Read more]
  • Delinquency case rates generally increase with the age of the juvenile; however, within offense categories, there are variations in the pattern of age-specific case rates.[Read more]
  • Females accounted for over one-fourth (27%) of the 819,900 delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts in 2017, youth under age 16 accounted for 52% of all cases, and minority youth accounted for more than half (56%) of all cases.[Read more]
  • The typical delinquency case involves a white male under the age of 16; however, the demographic profile of varies by offense.[Read more]
  • Drug offense cases were most likely to involve detention between 1986 and 1994; since 2003, person offense cases were most likely to involve detention.[Read more]
  • Following the increased use of formal processing, the proportion of delinquency cases that resulted in adjudication or waiver grew moderately between 1985 and 2017.[Read more]
  • In 2017, an estimated 87,900 petitioned status offense cases were handled in juvenile court.[Read more]
  • Females accounted for 43% of the estimated 87,900 petitioned status offense handled by juvenile courts in 2017, youth under age 16 accounted for 53%, and white youth accounted for 63%.[Read more]
  • The use of detention increased for runaway cases since 2005, and stayed within a limited range for the remaining offenses.[Read more]
  • While the use of informal sanctions remained relatively stable between 2005 and 2017, a larger proportion of petitioned status offense cases were dismissed in 2017 (49%) than in 2005 (35%).[Read more]

Quick Links


Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Statistical Briefing Book
National Center for Juvenile Justice