• The person offense case rate declined 40% between 2007 and 2016.[Read more]
  • Case rates for drug offenses increased 15% between 1985 and 2016 - from 2.9 to 3.4 cases per 1,000 youth under juvenile court jurisdiction.[Read more]
  • The female delinquency case rate increased more - and declined less - than the male rate between 1985 and 2016. [Read more]
  • In 2016, the drug offense case rate for males was about three times the female rate. [Read more]
  • Between 2005 and 2016, the person offense case rate decreased most for Asian youth (64%), followed by white and Hispanic youth (42% each), and American Indian and black youth (40% each). [Read more]
  • Drug offense case rates for black and Asian youth showed the greatest decline between 2005 and 2016. [Read more]
  • The decrease in the overall status offense case rate was the same (down 42% each) for males and females between 2005 and 2016. [Read more]
  • Between 2005 and 2015, the female rate for curfew violation cases fell 67%, while the male case rate decreased 61%. [Read more]
  • Between 2005 and 2016, the runaway case rate decreased most for Asian (87%) and American Indian (69%), followed by Hispanic (60%), white youth (56%), and black youth (48%). [Read more]
  • Curfew violation case rates for Asian and Hispanic youth showed the greatest decline between 2005 and 2015. [Read more]
  • In 2016 courts with juvenile jurisdiction disposed approximately 850,500 delinquency cases, the fewest number of cases handled since the mid-1970s.[Read more]
  • Delinquency case rates generally increase with the age of the juvenile; however, within offense categories, there are variations in the pattern of age-specific case rates.[Read more]
  • Females accounted for over one-fourth (28%) of the 850,500 delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts in 2016, youth under age 16 accounted for 52% of all cases, and minority youth accounted for more than half (56%) of all cases.[Read more]
  • Females accounted for over one-fourth (28%) of the 884,600 delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts in 2015, youth under age 16 accounted for 52% of all cases, and minority youth accounted for more than half (56%) of all cases.[Read more]
  • Drug offense cases were most likely to involve detention between 1987 and 1994; since 2004, person offense cases were most likely to involve detention.[Read more]
  • Following the increased use of formal processing, the proportion of delinquency cases that resulted in adjudication or waiver grew moderately between 1985 and 2016.[Read more]
  • In 2016, an estimated 94,700 petitioned status offense cases were handled in juvenile court.[Read more]
  • Females accounted for 43% of the estimated 94,700 petitioned status offense handled by juvenile courts in 2016, youth under age 16 accounted for 54%, and white youth accounted for 63%.[Read more]
  • The use of detention increased for runaway cases since 2005, and stayed within a limited range for the remaining offenses.[Read more]
  • While the use of informal sanctions remained relatively stable between 2005 and 2016, a larger proportion of petitioned status offense cases were dismissed in 2016 (47%) than in 2005 (34%).[Read more]
Juvenile Court Statistics 2016 Manner of handling profile by offense, 2016 Offense profile of petitioned status offense cases, 2016

Quick Links


  • Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
  • Statistical Briefing Book
  • National Center for Juvenile Justice