• The person offense case rate declined 44% between 2005 and 2019.[Read more]
  • Case rates for drug offenses were cut in half between the 1997 peak and 2019 - from 6.5 to 3.0 cases per 1,000 youth under juvenile court jurisdiction.[Read more]
  • Male and female delinquency case rates declined steadily between 2008 and 2019. [Read more]
  • In 2018, the drug offense case rate for males was nearly three times the female rate. [Read more]
  • Between 2005 and 2019, the person offense case rate decreased most for Asian youth (59%), followed by Hispanic youth (45%), black youth (44%), white youth (41%), and American Indian youth (35%). [Read more]
  • Across race groups, drug offense case rates declined between 2005 and 2019.[Read more]
  • The decrease in the petitioned status offense case rate was about the same for males (down 52%) and females (down 53%) between 2005 and 2019. [Read more]
  • Since 2005, the relative decline in petitioned curfew violation case rates was about the same for males (77%) and females (76%). [Read more]
  • Between 2005 and 2019, the petitioned runaway case rate decreased most for Asian youth (86%), followed by American Indian (62%), white youth (63%), Hispanic (63%), and black youth (58%). [Read more]
  • Petitioned curfew violation case rates in 2019 were at their lowest level since at least 2005 for all but American Indian youth. [Read more]
  • In 2019, courts with juvenile jurisdiction disposed approximately 722,600 delinquency cases, the fewest number of cases handled since the mid-1970s.[Read more]
  • Delinquency case rates generally increase with the age of the juvenile; however, within offense categories, there are variations in the pattern of age-specific case rates.[Read more]
  • Females accounted for over one-fourth (28%) of the 722,600 delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts in 2019, youth under age 16 accounted for 54% of all cases, and minority youth accounted for more than half (57%) of all cases.[Read more]
  • Since 2005, the proportion of cases involving detention increased for property offense cases but declined for drug offense cases.[Read more]
  • The proportion of formally handled cases that did not result in a delinquency adjudication increased between 1985 and 2019.[Read more]
  • In 2019, an estimated 90,500 petitioned status offense cases were handled in juvenile court.[Read more]
  • Females accounted for 44% of the estimated 90,500 petitioned status offense handled by juvenile courts in 2019, youth under age 16 accounted for 59%, and white youth accounted for 61%.[Read more]
  • Since 2005, truancy cases were least likely to involve detention.[Read more]
  • While the use of informal sanctions remained relatively stable between 2005 and 2018, a larger proportion of petitioned status offense cases were dismissed in 2019 (51%) than in 2005 (35%).[Read more]

Quick Links


Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Statistical Briefing Book
National Center for Juvenile Justice