Statistical Briefing Book > Offending by Youth Previous Page
Homicide
Q: How does homicide offending by youth vary by sex?
A: The annual number of male juvenile homicide offenders varied substantially between 1980 and 2020, unlike the number of female offenders.

Known juvenile homicide offenders by sex, 1980-2020

Year Male Female
1980 1,340 120
1981 1,264 146
1982 1,117 118
1983 955 143
1984 853 115
1985 1,013 110
1986 1,227 107
1987 1,208 139
1988 1,505 117
1989 1,693 110
1990 2,102 129
1991 2,309 146
1992 2,296 159
1993 2,627 145
1994 2,656 156
1995 2,206 136
1996 1,869 152
1997 1,597 112
1998 1,295 117
1999 1,038 128
2000 911 100
2001 884 104
2002 880 90
2003 829 98
2004 907 74
2005 988 84
2006 1,184 89
2007 1,163 92
2008 1,014 89
2009 952 82
2010 839 87
2011 741 69
2012 661 66
2013 658 43
2014 714 59
2015 745 58
2016 816 70
2017 879 87
2018 983 108
2019 888 93
2020 1,244 107
  • Females account for a small share of known juvenile homicide offenders. Since 2004, 10% or less of known juvenile homicide offenders were female.
  • The number of female juvenile homicide offenders reached its lowest level in 2013 - down 73% from the 1992 peak - then more than doubled through 2020.
  • Similarly, the number of male juvenile homicide offenders reached its lowest level in 2013 - 75% below the 1994 peak - then increased 89% by 2020.
  • The number of known juvenile homicide offenders declined for both groups between 2018 and 2019, and then increased in the last year: 40% for males and 15% for females.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03102.asp?qaDate=2020. Released on December 09, 2021.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C., Chamberlin, G. and Kang, W. (2021). Easy Access to the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Reports. Available on-line at: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezashr/.

Data Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Supplementary Homicide Reports for the years 19802020 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: FBI.