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Offending by Juveniles
Homicide
Q: How does homicide offending by youth vary by age?
A: Older juveniles, those ages 16 and 17, account for the majority of known juvenile homicide offenders.

Known juvenile homicide offenders by age, 1980-2020

Year Under 14 Age 14 Age 15 Age 16 Age 17
1980 77 103 222 436 621
1981 61 91 243 382 634
1982 73 83 189 355 535
1983 60 90 190 327 432
1984 52 79 162 269 406
1985 71 93 201 314 446
1986 73 105 240 380 537
1987 82 117 208 401 540
1988 71 116 263 467 704
1989 90 157 305 530 724
1990 73 148 406 657 950
1991 93 180 447 718 1,019
1992 101 178 419 736 1,034
1993 107 232 498 830 1,109
1994 133 218 501 818 1,149
1995 94 184 397 723 944
1996 71 152 321 602 875
1997 66 94 241 515 793
1998 72 82 211 376 670
1999 63 80 183 322 518
2000 47 64 150 264 487
2001 39 82 157 281 432
2002 47 67 155 275 427
2003 51 60 137 259 421
2004 50 67 164 291 409
2005 38 63 175 274 524
2006 46 75 210 377 568
2007 37 84 161 364 612
2008 36 74 175 305 515
2009 30 62 143 301 497
2010 29 57 135 282 424
2011 22 46 122 203 423
2012 43 47 117 206 321
2013 31 43 97 183 349
2014 21 38 105 235 383
2015 27 48 115 234 380
2016 25 47 116 265 433
2017 34 57 148 269 458
2018 44 54 169 325 499
2019 45 70 169 274 428
2020 61 81 222 393 596

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • Between 2011 and 2020, 75% of all known juvenile homicide offenders were age 16 or 17. During the same period, juveniles under age 15 accounted for 10% of known juvenile homicide offenders.
  • Trends in the number of known juvenile homicide offenders followed a similar pattern for all age groups: the number of known juvenile homicide offenders increased for all age groups between 1984 and 1994 and then declined between 1994 and the mid-2000s. However, older juveniles, those ages 16 and 17, accounted for the largest share of both the increase and the decline (about 70%).
  • Since reaching their respective lowpoints in the 2010s, the number of known juvenile offenders increased through 2020 for all age groups: 1401 for youth under age 15 (2014 low point), 129% for 15-year-olds and 115% for 16-year-olds (2013 low point for both) and 86% for 17-year-olds (2012 low point).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03104.asp?qaDate=2020. Released on December 09, 2021.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C., Chamberlin, G. and Kang, W. (2021). Easy Access to the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Reports. Available on-line at: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezashr/.

Data Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Supplementary Homicide Reports for the years 19802020 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: FBI.

 

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