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Offending by Juveniles
Other Violent Crime
Q: What proportion of serious violent crimes are committed by youth?
A: Youth ages 12 to 17 were involved in about one of every eleven (9.1%) serious violent victimizations in 2019.

Percent of serious violent victimizations committed by youth ages 12-17, 1980-2019

Year Percent
1980 21.3%
1981 22.4%
1982 19.0%
1983 21.6%
1984 19.7%
1985 19.4%
1986 18.8%
1987 19.2%
1988 19.7%
1989 19.2%
1990 22.4%
1991 21.8%
1992 23.2%
1993 26.4%
1994 25.0%
1995 24.7%
1996 24.7%
1997 23.2%
1998 22.2%
1999 24.1%
2000 18.9%
2001 23.2%
2002 16.5%
2003 20.5%
2004 20.9%
2005 23.9%
2006 19.6%
2007 17.1%
2008 22.3%
2009 18.9%
2010 17.7%
2011 9.7%
2012 14.6%
2013 16.7%
2014 12.1%
2015 14.0%
2016 NA
2017 14.2%
2018 11.5%
2019 9.1%

Note: Serious violent crime includes aggravated assault, rape, and robbery reported to the NCVS that involved at least one offender perceived by the victim to be 12–17 years of age, plus the number of homicides reported to the police that involved at least one juvenile offender. Homicide data were not available for 2019 at the time of publication. The number of homicides for 2018 is included in the overall total for 2019.

NA: Due to a sample increase and redesign in 2016, estimates in 2016 are not comparable to estimates for other years.
Due to methodological changes in the 2006 National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), use caution when comparing 2006 criminal perpetration estimates to those for other years.

The percent is the number of crimes (aggravated assault, rape, and robbery) reported to the NCVS that involved at least one offender perceived by the victim to be 12–17 years of age, plus the number of homicides reported to the police that involved at least one juvenile offender divided by all reported violent crimes. Because of changes made in the victimization survey, data prior to 1992 are adjusted to make them comparable with data collected under the redesigned methodology.

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • The Bureau of Justice Statistics' National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) asks a nationally representative sample of persons ages 12 and older about violent crimes in which they were the victim. Since 1973, the NCVS has been a national barometer of crime trends.
  • The proportion of youth perpetrated serious violent crimes reported by victims that involved youth ages 12 to 17 peaked in 1993 at 26.4% and reached a then historic low of 9.7% in 2011. In 2019, 9.1% of all serious violent victimizations involved youth ages 12 to 17.
  • The proportion of youth perpetrated serious violent crimes reported by victims that involved multiple offenders ranged from a high of 64.8% in 1982 to a low of 30.2% in 2019.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03202.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on February 24, 2022.

Adapted from Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics' America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being. [Table BEH5 located at http://www.childstats.gov/americaschildren/tables.asp]

 

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