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Offending by Juveniles
Time of Day
Q: When are youth most likely to commit violent crime which involves the use of a firearm?
A: Youth (ages 7-17) are most likely to commit a violent crime with a firearm at night on school and nonschool days.

Violent crime with firearm time of day
(per 1,000 youth who committed a violent crime)

Time School day Nonschool day
6AM 5.5 7.3
7AM 5.1 5.3
8AM 8.0 4.8
9AM 8.1 6.7
10AM 10.8 8.4
11AM 14.3 11.8
12PM 17.0 16.3
1PM 18.1 17.0
2PM 24.0 21.3
3PM 29.9 23.2
4PM 33.1 26.6
5PM 32.9 26.8
6PM 34.8 27.6
7PM 38.1 37.2
8PM 44.5 34.7
9PM 40.7 39.1
10PM 36.4 41.9
11PM 30.3 34.2
12AM 22.1 29.8
1AM 13.9 25.4
2AM 11.0 20.6
3AM 7.8 16.2
4AM 5.2 12.3
5AM 5.2 8.7

Note: Violent crimes include murder, violent sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated assault.
Data are from law enforcement agencies in 45 states and the District of Columbia.

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • Violent crime involving a firearm committed by youth follows similar temporal patterns on school and nonschool days; on school days, violent crime involving a firearm committed by youth peaks at 8 p.m. and at 10 p.m. on nonschool days.
  • Overall, 30% of violent crime involving a firearm committed by youth takes place between 8 p.m. and midnight.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03303.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on April 18, 2022.

Data source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. National Incident-Based Reporting System Master Files for the years 2018 and 2019 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation.


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