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Offending by Juveniles
Time of Day
Q: When are youth most likely to commit violent crime which results in injury?
A: Youth (ages 7-17) injure more victims in the hours around the close of school than at any other time.

Violent crime with injury time of day
(Per 1,000 youth who committed a violent crime)

Time School day Nonschool day
6AM 4.7 2.7
7AM 21.5 4.0
8AM 31.7 7.2
9AM 30.1 8.0
10AM 32.3 10.5
11AM 41.9 13.4
12PM 51.0 17.1
1PM 44.5 17.3
2PM 53.4 21.2
3PM 68.2 23.0
4PM 52.6 25.8
5PM 38.0 25.0
6PM 35.2 27.7
7PM 32.2 27.5
8PM 28.3 28.1
9PM 23.6 24.8
10PM 16.7 20.6
11PM 11.4 14.4
12AM 8.6 11.9
1AM 5.8 9.5
2AM 3.9 6.7
3AM 3.3 5.2
4AM 2.0 3.1
5AM 1.7 2.7

Note: Violent crimes include murder, violent sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault. Injuries include minor injuries (e.g., cuts or scrapes) and major injuries (e.g., broken bones, loss of teeth, and severe lacerations).
Data are from law enforcement agencies in 45 states and the District of Columbia.

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • Violent crime with injury committed by youth peaks at 3 p.m. on school days, then declines considerably following the afterschool hours.
  • In comparison, on nonschool days, violent crime with injury increases throughout the day and peaks around 8 p.m.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03304.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on April 18, 2022.

Data source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. National Incident-Based Reporting System Master Files for the years 2018 and 2019 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation.


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