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Offending by Juveniles
Comparing Offending by Adults & Juveniles
Q: What time of day are adults and youth most likely to commit violent crimes?
A: Unlike violent crime by adults (18 and older), violent crime committed by youth (ages 7-17) peaks in the late afternoon.

Violent crime time of day
(per 1,000 in age group)

Time Under 18 18 and older
6AM 8.2 15.9
7AM 27.4 20.2
8AM 45.2 28.4
9AM 41.3 30.5
10AM 46.5 34.6
11AM 57.5 38.0
12PM 72.3 45.1
1PM 61.7 40.0
2PM 73.3 43.2
3PM 88.1 47.6
4PM 73.7 50.9
5PM 60.1 54.5
6PM 59.8 58.4
7PM 56.7 59.1
8PM 53.5 61.9
9PM 46.0 63.0
10PM 36.8 61.0
11PM 25.9 54.5
12AM 20.8 49.9
1AM 15.6 45.3
2AM 10.8 37.8
3AM 8.4 26.6
4AM 5.4 18.6
5AM 4.8 15.1

Note: Violent crimes include murder, violent sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, simple assault, and kidnapping.
Data are from law enforcement agencies in 45 states and the District of Columbia.

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • In general, the number of violent crimes committed by adults increases hourly from 6 a.m. through the afternoon and evening hours, peaks at 9 p.m., and then drops to a low point at 5 a.m. In contrast, violent crimes committed by youth peak in the afternoon between 3 p.m. and 4 p.m., the hour at the end of the school day.
  • More than one-third (37%) of all violent crime committed by youth occurs in the 5 hour period between noon and 5 p.m. In comparison, 30% of all violent crime committed by adults occurs between 6 p.m. and 11 p.m..

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03401.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on April 18, 2022.

Data source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. National Incident-Based Reporting System Master Files for the years 2018 and 2019 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation.


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