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Offending by Juveniles
Comparing Offending by Adults & Juveniles
Q: Does the time of day for violent crime offending by adults and youth vary by the type of offense committed?
A: The temporal patterns for robbery, aggravated assault, and sexual assault vary for youth (ages 7-17) and adults (18 and older).

Violent crime time of day by age and offense
(per 1,000 in age group)

Time Robbery
Under 18
Robbery
18 and older
Aggravated assault
Under 18
Aggravated assault
18 and older
Sexual assault
Under 18
Sexual assault
18 and older
6AM 11.2 18.2 9.2 16.8 9.7 16.0
7AM 11.6 16.1 18.0 19.6 24.3 20.2
8AM 13.0 18.0 30.1 26.9 74.2 49.2
9AM 15.2 23.7 29.8 28.1 54.7 40.3
10AM 20.9 28.8 36.7 32.9 56.6 44.2
11AM 27.9 32.5 44.8 36.1 57.5 43.3
12PM 32.6 37.6 56.7 42.2 101.3 73.9
1PM 36.4 36.9 51.8 38.7 63.8 47.9
2PM 54.7 41.8 60.9 42.5 72.7 51.2
3PM 67.4 44.5 81.2 46.6 79.9 54.9
4PM 70.4 45.6 76.3 50.1 61.7 50.5
5PM 66.9 48.0 71.2 54.2 48.1 47.1
6PM 66.6 53.0 69.6 57.6 49.0 45.2
7PM 75.5 57.5 67.8 59.3 38.6 42.3
8PM 79.2 65.8 62.0 61.2 41.8 47.3
9PM 72.4 72.0 56.2 63.2 34.3 47.0
10PM 70.8 67.9 46.3 62.0 31.2 48.1
11PM 55.1 59.6 36.8 56.2 25.2 44.6
12AM 44.2 55.1 30.4 52.2 21.9 42.6
1AM 33.4 50.6 23.9 48.2 18.7 40.6
2AM 27.0 44.6 15.0 40.9 12.7 37.6
3AM 20.8 35.3 11.5 28.1 9.9 29.0
4AM 14.6 25.3 7.5 20.0 6.6 20.8
5AM 12.1 21.4 6.4 16.1 5.5 16.0

Note: Data are from law enforcement agencies in 45 states and the District of Columbia.

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • Aggravated assaults committed by youth are most common at 3 p.m. and sexual assaults committed by youth spike at 8 a.m., noon, and 3 p.m.
  • Robbery and aggravated assault incidents committed by adults peak in the late evening hours while sexual assaults committed by adults peak at noon.
  • Unlike the other violent crimes, the daily timing of robberies committed by youth is similar to adult patterns, peaking between 8 p.m. and 9 p.m.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03402.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on April 18, 2022.

Data source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. National Incident-Based Reporting System Master Files for the years 2018 and 2019 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation.

 

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