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Offending by Juveniles
Comparing Offending by Adults & Youth
Q: Does the time of day for violent crime that results in injury vary for adults and youth?
A: The daily timing of violent crime that results in injury to the victim caused by youth (ages 7-17) differs from the adult (18 and older) pattern.
Note: Violent crimes include murder, violent sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault. Injuries include minor injuries (e.g., cuts or scrapes) and major injuries (e.g., broken bones, loss of teeth, and severe lacerations).
Data are from law enforcement agencies in 45 states and the District of Columbia.

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  • Violent crimes committed by youth that result in injury to the victim climbs sharply from 6 a.m. to reach a peak at 3 p.m.
  • When perpetrated by adults, violent crime resulting in injury to the victim increases gradually from 6 a.m. through the afternoon and evening hours, peaking between 9 p.m. and 11 p.m.
  • The risk of being injured by a violent crime committed by a youth is relatively high between 2 p.m. and 5 p.m. - about one-fifth (24%) of all violent crimes committed by youth that result in an injury took place during this time period.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03404.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on April 18, 2022.

Data source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. National Incident-Based Reporting System Master Files for the years 2018 and 2019 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation.


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