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Offending by Juveniles
Self-report Behaviors
Q: What are the trends in past year use of opioids among high school seniors?
A: Non-prescription use of opioids reported by high school seniors has declined since 2002.
Notes: * Such as OxyContin, Vicodin, Percocet, and codeine.

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  • Past year use of opioids other than heroin has declined over the last 10 years, from 8.7% of high school seniors in 2011 to 2.1% in 2020. Vicodin use has followed a similar pattern, but the decline was more substantial (from 8.1% in 2011 to 1.2% in 2020).
  • Counter to the trend for Vicodin, past year use of Oxycontin reported by high school seniors increased between 2019 and 2020.
  • Past year heroin use has remained relatively stable since 2012, at an average of one-half of 1% of high school seniors reporting annual use during that time period.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03513.asp?qaDate=2020. Released on August 30, 2021.

Data Source: Adapted from Johnston, L. D., Miech, R. A., O'Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., Schulenberg, J. E., & Patrick, M. E. (2021). Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use, 1975-2020: Overview, key findings on adolescent drug use. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan.


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