Statistical Briefing Book > Offending by Youth Previous Page
Self-report Behaviors
Q: Does past month vaping vary by grade level?
A: In 2020, vaping of marijuana or nicotine was higher for high school seniors than for 8th or 10th graders.

Percent of students vaping nicotine or marijuana in the past month, 2017-2020

Year Nicotine
8th grade
Nicotine
10th grade
Nicotine
12th grade
Marijuana
8th grade
Marijuana
10th grade
Marijuana
12th grade
2017 3.5% 8.2% 11.0% 1.6% 4.3% 4.9%
2018 6.1% 16.1% 20.9% 2.6% 7.0% 7.5%
2019 9.6% 19.9% 25.5% 3.9% 12.6% 14.0%
2020 10.5% 19.3% 24.7% 4.2% 11.3% 12.2%
  • Although vaping of marijuana and nicotine were only added to the Monitoring the Future survey in 2017, the data show that vaping behaviors have increased considerably in the last 4 years. For example, the proportion of high school seniors vaping nicotine increased nearly 14-percentage points between 2017 and 2020, followed by an 11-percentage point increase for 10th graders.
  • The increases from 2017-2018 were the largest one-year increases ever seen for any substance in the history of the MTF survey (see https://www.drugabuse.gov/about-nida/noras-blog/2018/12/monitoring-future-survey-results-show-alarming-rise-in-teen-vaping for more information about the change between 2017-2018).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03515.asp?qaDate=2020. Released on August 30, 2021.

Data Source: Adapted from Johnston, L. D., Miech, R. A., O'Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., Schulenberg, J. E., & Patrick, M. E. (2021). Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use, 1975-2020: Overview, key findings on adolescent drug use. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan.