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Juvenile Population Characteristics
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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Juvenile Population
Q: Within States, how do juvenile populations vary by race?
A: While race/ethnicity profiles vary considerably across states, white, non-Hispanic youth accounted for the largest share of the youth population in 45 states in 2019.

*Race groups are non-Hispanic. Hispanic persons can be any race.

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  • In 2019, at least 9 of every 10 juveniles in Maine, Vermont, and West Virginia were non-Hispanic and white.
  • In contrast, New Mexico's juvenile population was 60% Hispanic. Other states with large Hispanic juvenile populations include California (52%), Texas (49%), Arizona (44%), and Nevada (41%). In 2019, more than half (52%) of all Hispanic juveniles lived in California, Texas, and Florida.
  • The states with the greatest proportions of non-Hispanic black juveniles in their populations in 2019 were Mississippi (43%), Louisiana (38%), Georgia (35%), Maryland (33%), South Carolina (31%), and Alabama (30%). Black youth accounted for 55% of the juvenile population in the District of Columbia.
  • In 2019, 5 states had juvenile populations with at least 10% American Indians or Alaska Natives. These states were Alaska (22%), South Dakota (14%), Oklahoma (12%), New Mexico (11%), and Montana (11%).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01103.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on July 31, 2020.

Data Source: Puzzanchera, C., Sladky, A. and Kang, W. Easy Access to Juvenile Populations. Available on-line at: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezapop/.


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