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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Living Arrangements
Q: How do the living arrangements of children vary by race?
A: More than half (53%) of all black children lived with one parent in 2018 compared with less than one-quarter (22%) of white children.
Note: * Persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race; however, most are white. Race proportions include persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
**The Current Population Survey methodology changed to more accurately reflect children’s coresidence with their parents. This change is reflected in the estimates beginning in 2007, where two parent homes include all homes in which a child lives with both parents, married or unmarried (biological, step or adoptive). For more information please read: Improvements to data collection about families in CPS 2007.

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  • In 2018, four in ten (40%) black children lived with both parents. The majority of white children and children of Hispanic ethnicity lived in two-parent homes (75% and 67% respectively).
  • Between 1980 and 2018, the proportion of children living in two-parent families declined more for white youth (83% to 75%) and Hispanic youth (75% to 67%) than for black youth (42% to 40%).
  • Between 1970 and 2018, the proportion of children living with their mothers in single-parent households increased from 8% to 17% for whites and from 30% to 48% for blacks. For children of Hispanic ethnicity, this proportion increased from 20% in 1980 to 25% in 2018.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01202.asp?qaDate=2018. Released on June 24, 2019.

Data Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census. Current Population Survey - Families and Living Arrangements, Historical Tables. Table CH-2: "Living Arrangements of White Children Under 18 Years Old: 1960 to Present;" Table CH-3: "Living Arrangements of Black Children Under 18 Years Old: 1960 to Present;" Table CH-4: "Living Arrangements of Hispanic Children Under 18 Years Old: 1970 to Present." [Internet release date: November 2018]. Web-based data files available at: https://www.census.gov/data/tables/time-series/demo/families/children.html.


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