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Juvenile Population Characteristics
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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Teen Mothers
Q: Have changes in teen birth rates differed by race?
A: The decline in birth rates between 1991 and 2016 was greatest among black teens ages 15-17 than for teens of other race/ethnicity subgroups.
Note: Race rates for American Indian/Alaskan Native and Asian include persons of Hispanic origin from 1990-2015. Prior to 2016, Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islanders were include in the Asian category. Persons of Hispanic origin can be of any race.

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  • Between 1991 and 2016, birth rates among both 15-17-year-old black teens declined 83%, compared with declines of: 82% for Asian/Pacific Islander teens, 78% for American Indian teens, 77% for Hispanic teens, and 73% for white teens.
  • Birth rates in 2016 were higher for teens of Hispanic ethnicity (16 per 1,000) and black teenagers (14) than American Indian teenagers (11), whites (8) and Asian/Pacific Islanders (3).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01302.asp?qaDate=2017. Released on June 24, 2019.

Data Source: 1990 to 2012 data adapted from National and State Patterns of Teen Births in the United States, 1940–2013; 2013 through 2017 data adapted from annual Births: Final Data reports. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics.


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