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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Teen Mothers
Q: Have changes in teen birth rates differed by race?
A: The relative decline in birth rates among teens ages 15 to 17 between 1990 and 2019 was greater among black teens than white or Hispanic teens.
Note: Race rates for American Indian/Alaskan Native and Asian include persons of Hispanic origin from 1990-2015. Prior to 2016, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders were included in the Asian category. Persons of Hispanic origin can be of any race.

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  • Between 1990 and 2019, birth rates among 15 to 17 year-old black teens declined 87%, compared with declines of 83% for Hispanic teens, 84% for white teens, and 72% for American Indian teens.
  • Birth rates in 2019 were higher for teens of Hispanic ethnicity (11.5 per 1,000) and American Indian/Alaskan Native teenagers (13.5) than for black (11.1), Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islanders (7.7), white (3.8), and Asian (0.9) teenagers.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01302.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on April 16, 2021.

Data Source: 1990 to 2012 data adapted from National and State Patterns of Teen Births in the United States, 1940–2013; 2013 through 2019 data adapted from annual Births: Final Data reports. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics.


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