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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Teen Mothers
Q: Have changes in teen birth rates differed by race?
A: The relative decline in birth rates among teens ages 15 to 17 between 1990 and 2019 was greater among black teens than white or Hispanic teens.

Births per 1,000 female teens ages 15 to 17 by race/ethnicity, 1990-2019

Year White Black American Indian/
Alaskan Native
Asian Native Hawaiian/
Other Pacific Islander
Hispanic
1990 23.2 84.9 48.5 16.0 65.9
1991 23.6 86.1 51.9 16.3 69.2
1992 22.7 82.9 52.3 15.4 68.9
1993 22.7 81.1 51.5 16.1 68.5
1994 22.7 77.0 48.4 16.3 69.9
1995 22.0 70.4 44.6 15.6 68.3
1996 20.6 64.8 42.7 14.7 64.2
1997 19.3 60.7 41.0 14.0 61.1
1998 18.3 56.8 39.7 13.8 58.5
1999 17.1 51.7 36.5 12.4 56.9
2000 15.8 50.1 34.1 11.6 55.5
2001 14.0 44.8 30.2 10.1 51.9
2002 13.1 40.6 28.8 8.8 49.3
2003 12.4 38.2 27.9 8.5 47.6
2004 12.0 36.4 26.7 8.4 47.3
2005 11.5 34.1 26.3 7.7 45.8
2006 11.8 35.2 25.9 8.2 45.1
2007 11.9 34.6 26.1 7.4 44.4
2008 11.6 33.6 25.8 7.0 42.2
2009 11.0 31.0 23.6 6.3 37.3
2010 10.0 27.4 20.1 5.1 32.3
2011 9.0 24.6 18.2 4.6 28.0
2012 8.4 21.9 17.0 4.1 25.5
2013 7.4 18.9 15.9 3.7 22.0
2014 6.7 16.6 13.2 3.3 19.3
2015 6.0 15.3 12.7 2.7 17.4
2016 5.2 13.7 16.8 1.4 11.0 15.6
2017 4.6 12.5 15.7 1.1 8.7 13.6
2018 4.1 11.9 13.5 1.0 8.2 12.4
2019 3.8 11.1 13.5 0.9 7.7 11.5

Note: Race rates for American Indian/Alaskan Native and Asian include persons of Hispanic origin from 1990-2015. Prior to 2016, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders were included in the Asian category. Persons of Hispanic origin can be of any race.

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • Between 1990 and 2019, birth rates among 15 to 17 year-old black teens declined 87%, compared with declines of 83% for Hispanic teens, 84% for white teens, and 72% for American Indian teens.
  • Birth rates in 2019 were higher for teens of Hispanic ethnicity (11.5 per 1,000) and American Indian/Alaskan Native teenagers (13.5) than for black (11.1), Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islanders (7.7), white (3.8), and Asian (0.9) teenagers.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01302.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on April 16, 2021.

Data Source: 1990 to 2012 data adapted from National and State Patterns of Teen Births in the United States, 1940–2013; 2013 through 2019 data adapted from annual Births: Final Data reports. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics.

 

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