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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Poverty
Q: How has the proportion of juveniles living in poverty changed since the 1970's?
A: In 2018, the proportion of juveniles living below the poverty level (16.2%) was at its lowest level since 2000.

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  • In 2018, 11.8% of all persons lived at or below the poverty threshold. This proportion was far greater for persons under age 18 (16.2%) than for those ages 18-64 (10.7%) and those above age 64 (9.7%).
  • Between 2010 and 2018, the juvenile poverty rate declined 5.8 percentage points while the rate for persons ages 18 to 64 fell 3.1 percentage points.
  • By 2018, the juvenile poverty rate reached its lowest point since 2000, the rate for persons ages 18 to 64 reached its lowest point since the mid-2000s, and the rate for senior citizens (those ages 65 and over) remained below 10%.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01401.asp?qaDate=2018. Released on October 31, 2019.

Data Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census. Current Population Survey - Historical Poverty Tables. Table 3: "Poverty Status of People, by Age, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1959 to 2018." Web-based data files available at: [http://www.census.gov/topics/income-poverty/poverty/data/tables.html].

 

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