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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Poverty
Q: How has the proportion of juveniles living in poverty changed since the 1970's?
A: After reaching a historic low in 2019, the proportion of children living below the poverty level increased to 16.1% in 2020.

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  • In 2020, 11.4% of all persons lived at or below the poverty threshold. This proportion was far greater for persons under age 18 (16.1%) than for those ages 18-64 (10.4%) and those above age 64 (9.0%).
  • Between 2011 and 2020, the child poverty rate declined 5.8 percentage points while the rate for persons ages 18 to 64 fell 3.3 percentage points.
  • The increase in the child poverty rate in the last year marks the first increase since the 2009-2010 period.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01401.asp?qaDate=2020. Released on October 13, 2021.

Data Source: Data through 2018 adapted from U.S. Bureau of the Census. Current Population Survey - Historical Poverty Tables. Table 3: "Poverty Status of People, by Age, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1959 to 2018." Web-based data files available at: [http://www.census.gov/topics/income-poverty/poverty/data/tables.html].
Data for 2019 and 2020 adapted from the U.S. Census Bureau, Microdata Access, CPS Annual Social and Economic (March) Supplement 202003/202103. Available from https://data.census.gov/mdat/#/. Accessed on September 2021.

 

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