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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Q: Does the proportion of youth living in poverty vary by State?
A: In 2021, the proportion of children living in poverty ranged from a low of 6.6% in Maryland to a high of 27.5% in New Mexico.

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  • According to 2021 estimates, the proportion of children ages 0 to 17 in poverty (15.3%) was greater than the proportion of all persons in poverty (11.6%). And a greater of proportion of children lived in poverty than persons ages 18 to 64 (10.5%) and persons over age 64 (10.6).
  • Nationally, 15.3% - more than 11.1 million - of youth under age 18 were living in poverty in 2021; the proportion of children living in poverty exceeded the national average in 21 states and the District of Columbia.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01403.asp?qaDate=2021. Released on January 10, 2023.

Adapted from the U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2021 Annual Social and Economic Supplement (CPS ASEC). Available from https://www.census.gov/data/tables/time-series/demo/income-poverty/cps-pov/pov-11.html. Accessed December 2022.


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