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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Poverty
Q: Does the proportion of juveniles in poverty vary by race and ethnicity?
A: In 2020, black and American Indian youth were about three times more likely to live in poverty than white youth.

Percent under age 18 in poverty, by race/ethnicity, 2002-2020

Year White* Black* Indian* Asian/P.I.* Multi-racial* Hispanic
2002 9.4% 32.3% 35.2% 11.7% 14.5% 28.6%
2003 9.8% 34.0% 30.4% 12.1% 18.4% 29.7%
2004 10.5% 33.7% 31.2% 9.7% 18.3% 28.9%
2005 10.0% 34.5% 29.4% 11.1% 16.9% 28.3%
2006 10.0% 33.3% 40.5% 11.9% 18.3% 26.9%
2007 10.1% 34.4% 26.0% 12.6% 17.7% 28.7%
2008 10.6% 34.7% 31.3% 14.5% 17.5% 30.6%
2009 11.9% 35.7% 34.0% 14.2% 24.0% 33.1%
2010 12.3% 39.1% 34.7% 14.0% 23.0% 34.9%
2011 12.5% 38.8% 35.1% 13.3% 23.1% 34.1%
2012 12.3% 38.4% 48.1% 13.1% 20.9% 33.8%
2013 10.7% 39.1% 36.3% 10.2% 19.3% 30.4%
2014 12.3% 37.3% 37.2% 12.7% 18.3% 31.9%
2015 12.1% 33.6% 33.9% 12.6% 18.4% 28.9%
2016 10.8% 30.9% 31.0% 10.6% 17.8% 26.6%
2017 10.9% 28.7% 31.1% 11.4% 19.1% 25.0%
2018 8.9% 30.1% 29.0% 11.4% 15.1% 23.7%
2019 8.2% 26.5% 20.2% 7.1% 15.4% 20.9%
2020 9.5% 27.9% 30.3% 7.7% 16.4% 23.0%

*Race groups are non-Hispanic. Hispanic persons can be of any race.

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • In 2020, Hispanic youth under age 18 were more than twice as likely to live in poverty as white and Asian/Pacific Islander youth.
  • More than one-third (37%) of the 11.6 million youth younger than 18 living in poverty in 2020 were Hispanic, while white youth accounted for 30% of all youth in poverty, and black youth accounted for 24%.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01404.asp?qaDate=2020. Released on October 13, 2021.

Data Source: Data for 2002 through 2017 adapted from the U.S. Bureau of the Census. Current Population Survey (CPS) Table Creator. Retrieved November 2018 from: [http://www.census.gov/cps/data/cpstablecreator.html].

Data for 2018 a though 2020 adapted from the U.S. Census Bureau, Microdata Access, CPS Annual Social and Economic (March) Supplement 201903/202003.202103. Available from https://data.census.gov/mdat/#/. Accessed on September 2021.

 

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