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Juveniles on Probation
Probation as a Court Disposition
Q: How many delinquency cases receive probation as the most restrictive disposition?
A: Probation was ordered in 49% of the nearly 577,000 delinquency cases that received a juvenile court sanction in 2016.

Disposition of delinquency cases, 1985-2016

Year Waived to
criminal court
Residential
placement
Probation Other sanctions
1985 5,800 104,900 360,900 249,000
1986 6,400 112,800 378,700 265,300
1987 6,000 108,800 370,600 276,200
1988 6,100 108,000 370,500 277,600
1989 7,300 119,700 394,800 250,900
1990 7,400 122,700 426,400 269,300
1991 8,700 125,100 450,300 329,900
1992 9,400 129,200 479,200 347,000
1993 11,000 134,700 476,200 382,500
1994 12,700 144,600 510,800 414,400
1995 11,600 151,400 560,300 434,000
1996 11,500 161,000 571,100 500,200
1997 10,500 169,900 601,600 492,300
1998 10,100 170,700 578,000 486,000
1999 9,200 170,500 570,700 464,500
2000 7,600 169,800 572,800 460,300
2001 6,800 158,300 570,800 437,700
2002 7,400 157,600 566,200 443,300
2003 7,100 154,500 564,600 451,500
2004 6,600 148,100 558,700 441,400
2005 6,400 144,400 543,800 447,400
2006 6,700 142,800 535,400 418,900
2007 6,500 140,400 539,800 426,200
2008 6,400 135,900 539,900 412,500
2009 6,100 119,300 492,400 389,100
2010 5,700 108,300 453,300 357,700
2011 4,900 99,000 413,700 330,800
2012 4,400 87,600 380,300 302,400
2013 3,900 79,500 352,000 266,700
2014 3,900 72,500 332,600 242,900
2015 3,200 67,700 299,300 237,100
2016 3,500 66,500 282,200 225,000

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • In 2016, an estimated 282,200 delinquency cases resulted in a term of probation - 22% below the the number of cases placed on probation in 1985.
  • Adjudicated delinquency cases accounted for 55% (155,500) of all delinquency cases placed on probation in 2016. In the remaining delinquency cases, the youth agreed to some form of voluntary or informal probation.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/probation/qa07102.asp?qaDate=2016. Released on August 22, 2018.

Adapted from Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics. Available on-line at: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezajcs/.

Data Source: National Juvenile Court Data Archive. National Center for Juvenile Justice. Pittsburgh, PA.

 

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