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Juveniles on Probation
Probation as a Court Disposition
Q: How many delinquency cases receive probation as the most restrictive disposition?
A: Probation was ordered in 51% of the nearly 505,400 delinquency cases that received a juvenile court sanction in 2018.

Disposition of delinquency cases, 1985-2018

Year Waived to
criminal court
Residential
placement
Probation Other sanctions
1985 5,900 107,600 368,400 226,900
1986 6,600 113,000 379,600 240,600
1987 6,100 109,300 373,200 250,300
1988 6,200 110,000 372,800 251,400
1989 7,500 121,700 395,200 221,300
1990 7,600 123,700 427,500 238,100
1991 9,000 128,300 453,500 288,200
1992 9,600 132,200 483,100 302,200
1993 11,400 138,000 484,100 338,200
1994 13,200 149,300 516,200 369,000
1995 12,100 156,700 551,300 395,000
1996 12,000 168,300 569,600 454,700
1997 10,900 178,100 604,800 445,400
1998 10,400 180,600 581,400 430,400
1999 9,400 180,400 575,000 402,300
2000 7,800 179,600 587,000 396,600
2001 7,000 168,200 589,800 382,900
2002 7,600 165,700 581,300 389,200
2003 7,400 162,600 578,600 399,300
2004 6,800 155,000 576,100 379,200
2005 6,500 150,800 555,100 381,100
2006 6,800 147,400 546,400 354,300
2007 6,600 145,300 552,300 366,400
2008 6,500 138,300 554,600 361,200
2009 6,100 121,600 507,500 341,000
2010 5,800 114,600 460,700 320,900
2011 4,700 104,700 422,100 295,000
2012 4,500 92,300 393,200 269,500
2013 3,900 83,600 363,400 233,300
2014 4,000 75,500 342,400 216,100
2015 3,300 69,200 303,200 212,000
2016 3,300 68,200 284,400 199,700
2017 3,500 68,000 274,400 189,600
2018 3,600 62,100 260,200 179,500

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • In 2018, an estimated 260,200 delinquency cases resulted in a term of probation - 29% below the the number of cases placed on probation in 1985.
  • Adjudicated delinquency cases accounted for 53% (139,000) of all delinquency cases placed on probation in 2018. In the remaining delinquency cases, the youth agreed to some form of voluntary or informal probation.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/probation/qa07102.asp?qaDate=2018. Released on March 31, 2020.

Adapted from Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics. Available on-line at: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezajcs/.

Data Source: National Juvenile Court Data Archive. National Center for Juvenile Justice. Pittsburgh, PA.

 

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