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Early Precursors of Gang Membership: A Study of Seattle Youth (NCJ 190106) December 2001
OJJDP Youth Gang Series
6 page(s)
Hill, K. G., Lui, C., Hawkins, J. D.
Presents Seattle Social Development Project (SSDP) data on youth who join gangs. Identifying early precursors of youth gang membership can facilitate the development of more effective interventions to prevent youth from becoming involved in gangs. This Bulletin, which is part of OJJDP's Youth Gang Series, analyzes SSDP data on the relationship between risk factors present at ages 10 to 12 and the likelihood of joining a gang between ages 13 and 18, and explores implications of this risk factor analysis for the design of prevention strategies. The Bulletin also summarizes SSDP study findings on gender and race/ethnicity of youth who join gangs, age at joining, and duration of membership. Includes 5 figures and 1 table.