National Racial and Ethnic Disparities (R/ED) Databook

2020 Case Processing Summary: by gender and race/ethnicity
Ratio of Rates for Delinquency Offenses

Males

  RATIO OF RATES Black AIAN** ANHPI*** Hispanic
trends Referral rate 2.89 1.22 0.25 0.98
trends Diversion rate 0.55 0.70 0.84 0.77
trends Detention rate 1.55 1.41 1.44 1.62
trends Petitioned rate 1.23 1.20 1.05 1.06
trends Adjudicated rate 0.93 1.06 1.06 1.10
trends Probation rate 0.88 0.99 1.00 0.95
trends Placement rate 1.48 1.07 0.99 1.41
trends Waiver rate 1.85 1.34 *1.07 0.98

Females

  RATIO OF RATES Black AIAN** ANHPI*** Hispanic
trends Referral rate 2.63 1.64 0.23 0.81
trends Diversion rate 0.68 0.67 0.99 0.91
trends Detention rate 1.30 1.38 1.63 1.53
trends Petitioned rate 1.20 1.39 1.01 1.02
trends Adjudicated rate 0.81 1.07 0.97 1.04
trends Probation rate 0.98 0.96 1.14 1.00
trends Placement rate 1.12 1.28 *0.86 1.43
trends Waiver rate 0.86 *0.00 *0.00 *0.50
1 The ratio of rates is created by dividing the rates for each racial or ethnic minority group by the white rate. A ratio of 1.0 indicates parity, i.e., the rates for the comparison group are equal. For example, if white youth and Black youth were referred to juvenile court at the same rate, the ratio would be 1.0, indicating the rates for these groups are equal. A ratio greater than 1.0 means that the rate for the racial or ethnic minority group is greater than the rate for white youth. A ratio less than 1.0 means that the rate for the racial and ethnic minority group is less than the rate for white youth..
* Interpret data with caution; rates and ratio of rates are based on a small number of cases.
** AIAN: American Indian or Alaska Native.
*** ANHPI: Asian, Native Hawaiian, or Other Pacific Islander.
Note: White, Black, and ANHPI racial groups exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
Suggested Citation: Puzzanchera, C., Sladky, A., and Kang, W. (2023). National Racial and Ethnic Disparities (R/ED) Databook. Developed by the National Center for Juvenile Justice for the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/r-ed-databook/

Developed and maintained by the National Center for Juvenile Justice, with funding from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.