U.S. Department of Justice, Office Of Justice Programs, Innovation - Partnerships - Safer Neighborhoods
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Serving Children, Families, and Communities
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logo jump over products navigation bar
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logoAbout SSBFrequently Asked QuestionsPublicationsData Analysis ToolsNational Data SetsOther ResourcesAsk a Question

Juvenile Population Characteristics
Juveniles as Victims
Juveniles as Offenders
Juvenile Justice System Structure & Process
Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juveniles in Court
Juveniles on Probation
Juveniles in Corrections
Juvenile Reentry & Aftercare
Special Topics
Data Snapshot
Statistical Briefing Book Home

OJJDP logo

Printer-priendlyPrinter-friendly
Racial and Ethnic Fairness
Detention rates declined for all race groups between 1997 and 2015; the rates most minority youth exceed the rate for white youth.

Juvenile detention rates by race/ethnicity, 1997-2015

Detention rate (per 100,000) Ratio of rates: relative to whites
Year White Minority Black Hispanic American
Indian*
Asian* Minority Black Hispanic American
Indian*
Asian*
1997 54 177 264 122 125 48 3.3 4.9 2.3 2.3 0.9
1999 54 169 258 116 113 41 3.1 4.8 2.1 2.1 0.8
2001 52 149 223 109 112 37 2.9 4.3 2.1 2.2 0.7
2003 47 140 210 102 110 36 3.0 4.5 2.2 2.3 0.8
2006 43 139 221 97 116 26 3.2 5.1 2.3 2.7 0.6
2007 40 131 215 90 93 21 3.3 5.4 2.3 2.3 0.5
2010 33 108 179 78 88 16 3.3 5.4 2.4 2.7 0.5
2011 31 99 170 68 89 12 3.2 5.5 2.2 2.9 0.4
2013 29 92 166 60 75 10 3.2 5.7 2.1 2.6 0.3
2015 25 81 153 50 74 7 3.2 6.1 2.0 3.0 0.3

Detained juveniles include those held awaiting a court hearing, adjudication, disposition or placement elsewhere. The detention rate is the number of juvenile offenders in residential placement on the CJRP reference date per 100,000 juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction. Rates exclude youth in tribal facilities.

*American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.

Minority group includes black, Hispanic, American IndiaNAlaskan Native, Asian/Pacific Islander youth, and those identified as other race.

The ratio of rates compares the rates of each minority group to white youth. A ratio of 1.0 indicates statistical parity, i.e., the rates for the comparison groups are equal. For example, if white youth and minority youth were placed at the same rate, the ratio would be 1.0, indicating the rates for these groups are equal. When the ratio exceeds 1.0, the rate for the minority group exceeds the rate for white youth; when it is below 1.0, the rate for minority youth is less than the rate for white youth.

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • Between 1997 and 2015, the detention rate declined the most for Asian youth (85%), followed by Hispanic (59%), white (54%), black (42%), and American Indian (41%) youth. Combined, the rate for minority youth declined declined 54% during this period.
  • Despite these declines, the detention rate for minority youth in 2015 was more than three times the rate for white youth.
  • In 2015, the detention rate for American Indian youth was three times that of white youth, up from a ratio of 2.1 in 1999.
  • The relative rate of detention for black youth compared to white youth remains the highest (6 times that of white youth in 2015).


  • See also: State-level detention rates by race.


Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/special_topics/qa11802.asp?qaDate=2015. Released on August 07, 2017.

Data Source: Analysis of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement data files for the years 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015.

 

USA.gov | Privacy | Policies & Disclaimers | FOIA | Site Map | Ask a Question | OJJDP Home
A component of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice