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Juveniled Justice System Structure & Process
Organization & Administration of Delinquency Services
Q: What type of agency controls the operation of state commitment facilities?
A: In most states (30) and the District of Columbia, either an independent juvenile corrections agency, like a Department of Juvenile Justice, or a social or human services agency, like a public welfare agency, administer public state commitment facilities.

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  • Agencies that administer public state commitment facilities are responsible for maintaining operations and managing administrative functions, including finance and human resources.
  • "Independent Juvenile Corrections" agencies are state agencies of equal stature to a state's adult department of corrections. For example, both the Florida Department of Juvenile Justice and the Florida Department of Corrections are under the governor's office.
  • "Family/Child Welfare Agency or Division" include agencies within a broader social or human services agency or independent children and youth serving agencies that manage both child protection and juvenile corrections. One example of this type of agency is the Connecticut Department of Children and Families.
  • "Broad Human Services" agencies refer to state general public welfare agencies. For example, the Colorado Department of Human Services assists families who need resources such as food or childcare, in addition to children at risk of abuse or neglect, youth who have violated the law, and residents who need mental health treatment.
  • "Adult Corrections Agency or Division" refers to state agencies that administer corrections for adults often with an internal division for juvenile corrections. For example, the Indiana Department of Correction aims to advance public safety and successful re-entry for both adults and juveniles.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/structure_process/qa04202.asp?qaDate=2017. Released on August 07, 2017.

Adapted from the "Juvenile Justice Services" section of Juvenile Justice Geography, Policy, Practice and Statistics. Available on-line at: http://www.jjgps.org/juvenile-justice-services. Retrieved July 2017.


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