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Juveniled Justice System Structure & Process
Organization & Administration of Delinquency Services
Q: What are the most commonly used residential placement options for committed youth?
A: Based on data from the 2015 Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP), on October 28, 2015 public long-term secure facilities, also referred to as training schools, were the most commonly used residential placement option for committed youth.

Public and Private Placement Options, 2015

State of facility Committed
Youth
                                            Public                                                                       Private
facilities
All public
facilities
Long-term
secure
Ranch/
Wilderness
camp
Halfway house/
group home
Other*

United States 31,487 59% 33% 2% 11% 13% 41%

Alabama 612 35% 29% 0% 6% 0% 65%
Alaska 120 71% 59% 0% 0% 12% 29%
Arizona 519 77% 52% 0% 0% 25% 23%

Arkansas 459 12% 0% 0% 2% 10% 88%
California 3,831 78% 25% 13% 12% 29% 22%
Colorado 699 51% 49% 0% 1% 1% 49%

Connecticut 63 100% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Delaware 66 100% 64% 0% 30% 6% 0%
District of Columbia 48 63% 63% 0% 0% 0% 38%

Florida 2,184 25% 1% 0% 16% 8% 75%
Georgia 513 90% 70% 0% 0% 20% 10%
Hawaii 30 97% 68% 0% 0% 29% 3%

Idaho 297 80% 27% 0% 0% 53% 20%
Illinois 756 83% 71% 0% 4% 8% 17%
Indiana 1,029 55% 23% 0% 0% 32% 45%

Iowa 705 17% 17% 0% 0% 1% 83%
Kansas 321 71% 34% 0% 0% 37% 29%
Kentucky 309 67% 4% 0% 48% 15% 33%

Louisiana 555 70% 60% 0% 4% 6% 30%
Maine 75 100% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Maryland 309 44% 44% 0% 0% 0% 56%

Massachusetts 273 27% 4% 0% 11% 11% 73%
Michigan 1,167 37% 19% 0% 3% 16% 63%
Minnesota 687 52% 26% 0% 16% 10% 48%

Mississippi 144 99% 56% 0% 0% 43% 1%
Missouri 783 97% 10% 0% 84% 3% 3%
Montana 90 66% 49% 0% 9% 8% 34%

Nebraska 327 47% 45% 0% 0% 2% 53%
Nevada 420 94% 69% 17% 6% 2% 6%
New Hampshire 60 67% 0% 0% 67% 0% 33%

New Jersey 360 99% 62% 0% 35% 3% 1%
New Mexico 279 85% 76% 0% 9% 0% 15%
New York 999 37% 33% 0% 3% 2% 63%

North Carolina 351 67% 61% 0% 1% 5% 33%
North Dakota 114 57% 57% 0% 0% 0% 43%
Ohio 1,137 91% 34% 0% 35% 22% 9%

Oklahoma 312 70% 26% 0% 43% 1% 30%
Oregon 978 72% 53% 3% 13% 3% 28%
Pennsylvania 3,006 12% 6% 1% 2% 2% 88%

Rhode Island 186 54% 54% 0% 0% 0% 46%
South Carolina 606 53% 19% 0% 0% 34% 47%
South Dakota 189 33% 22% 0% 3% 8% 67%

Tennessee 372 64% 59% 0% 4% 2% 36%
Texas 2,376 80% 55% 0% 9% 16% 20%
Utah 411 53% 31% 0% 4% 18% 47%

Vermont 18 100% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Virginia 615 100% 59% 0% 8% 33% 0%
Washington 585 98% 64% 0% 16% 18% 2%

West Virginia 354 25% 6% 0% 8% 11% 75%
Wisconsin 594 59% 47% 0% 1% 12% 41%
Wyoming 192 56% 38% 0% 18% 0% 44%

Notes: To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state level cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Percentages are based on unrounded counts.
*Includes detention centers, shelter facilities, reception/diagnostic centers, and boot camps.
"State of Facility" refers to where the juvenile is being held. Data reported in this table varies slightly from data presented in "Easy Access to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement" because state of offense is used there.
  • The Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP), which is conducted biennially, asks all juvenile residential facilities in the U.S. to describe each youth younger than 21 accused or adjudicated of one or more delinquency or status offenses and assigned a bed in the facility on a specific day. The census does not include federal facilities or those exclusively for drug or mental health treatment or for abused/neglected youth.
  • The CJRP provides one-day population counts of juvenile offenders in juvenile residential placement facilities. Such one-day counts provide a picture of the standing population in facilities. One-day counts are substantially different from annual admission and release data, which provide a measure of facility population flow.
  • Public facilities are operated by a local or state government agency. Private facilities are operated by a third party that has a contract with a local or state government agency. In most states, private facilities must be licensed by a state agency.
  • Most youth adjudicated delinquent and status offenders are committed to public facilities (59%).
  • Long-term secure facilities/training schools are reported in 48 states and the District of Columbia and are the most frequently used public placement option.
  • States vary in the proportion of juveniles committed to private facilities - ranging from 0% to 88%.
  • In five states (Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Vermont, and Virginia), there were no private facilities that reported holding any youth adjudicated delinquent or status offenders on the Census reference date.
  • To access CJRP data, please visit Easy Access to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/structure_process/qa04208.asp?qaDate=2015. Released on October 10, 2017.

 

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