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Juveniled Justice System Structure & Process
JJDPA Core Requirements
Q: How do states coordinate efforts to address disproportionate minority contact (DMC)?
A: States are able to fund DMC Coordinator positions through federal Formula Grants to facilitate DMC initiatives statewide and ensure compliance with the JJDPA.

DMC Coordination, 2012

State Full-time, state-level
DMC Coordinator
Part-time or other state-level
staff designated as DMC Coordinator
Have DMC subcommittees
under their State Advisory Group**

Number of states1 24 27 46

Alabama X X
Alaska X X
Arizona X X

Arkansas X X
California X X
Colorado X X

Connecticut X X
Delaware X X
District of Columbia X

Florida X
Georgia X X
Hawaii X X

Idaho X X
Illinois X X
Indiana X X

Iowa X X
Kansas X
Kentucky X X

Louisiana X X
Maine X X
Maryland X X

Massachusetts X X
Michigan X X
Minnesota X X

Mississippi X X
Missouri X X
Montana X X

Nebraska X X
Nevada X X
New Hampshire X X

New Jersey X X
New Mexico X X
New York X X

North Carolina X X
North Dakota X
Ohio X X

Oklahoma X X
Oregon X X
Pennsylvania X X

Rhode Island X X
South Carolina X X
South Dakota X X

Tennessee X X
Texas X X
Utah X X

Vermont X X
Virginia X X
Washington X X

West Virginia X X
Wisconsin X X
Wyoming X

American Samoa X
Guam X
Northern Mariana Islands X

Virgin Islands X X

1U.S. count excludes territories.
Puerto Rico is exempt from the DMC core requirement because the U.S. Census Bureau did not require data collection by race and ethnicity until the 2010 census.
  • Per Section 223(3)(A) of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Act, states participating in Part B of the Title II Formula Grants program are required to "provide for an advisory group, that shall consist of not less than 15 and not more than 33 members appointed by the chief executive officer of the state."
  • Disproportionate minority contact (DMC) refers to the disproportionate number of minority youth who come into contact with the juvenile justice system. States participating in the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act's Part B Formula Grants program are required to address juvenile delinquency prevention and system improvement efforts to reduce, without establishing or requiring numerical standards or quotas, the overrepresentation of minority youth in the nation's juvenile justice system.
  • The American territories of American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and Virgin Islands also have part-time or other state-level staff who are designated DMC Coordinators.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/structure_process/qa04303.asp?qaDate=2012. Released on April 24, 2014.

Adapted from information in state DMC compliance plans submitted to OJJDP in fiscal year 2012.


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