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Juveniled Justice System Structure & Process
JJDPA Core Requirements
Q: How do states coordinate efforts to address disproportionate minority contact (DMC)?
A: States are able to fund DMC Coordinator positions through federal Formula Grants to facilitate DMC initiatives statewide and ensure compliance with the JJDPA.

DMC Coordination, 2012

State Full-time,
state-level
DMC Coordinator
Part-time or other state-level
staff designated as DMC
Coordinator
Have DMC subcommittees
under their State
Advisory Group
Number of states1 24 27 46
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands

1U.S. count excludes territories.
Puerto Rico is exempt from the DMC core requirement because the U.S. Census Bureau did not require data collection by race and ethnicity until the 2010 census.

  • Per Section 223(3)(A) of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Act, states participating in Part B of the Title II Formula Grants program are required to "provide for an advisory group, that shall consist of not less than 15 and not more than 33 members appointed by the chief executive officer of the state."
  • Disproportionate minority contact (DMC) refers to the disproportionate number of minority youth who come into contact with the juvenile justice system. States participating in the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act's Part B Formula Grants program are required to address juvenile delinquency prevention and system improvement efforts to reduce, without establishing or requiring numerical standards or quotas, the overrepresentation of minority youth in the nation's juvenile justice system.
  • The American territories of American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and Virgin Islands also have part-time or other state-level staff who are designated DMC Coordinators.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/structure_process/qa04303.asp?qaDate=2012. Released on April 24, 2014.

Adapted from information in state DMC compliance plans submitted to OJJDP in fiscal year 2012.

 

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