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Juveniles as Victims
Child Maltreatment
Q: Who are the perpetrators of child maltreatment?
A: In 2019, more than three-quarters (78%) of perpetrators were parents to the victim(s), 53% were female, 49% were white, and 42% were between the ages of 25-34.

Characteristics of perpetrators of child maltreatment, 2019

Estimated number of unique perpetrators 525,300
Under 18 2%
18-24 15%
25-34 42%
35-44 27%
4554 9%
55 and over 4%
Unknown 2%
Male 46%
Female 53%
Unknown 1%
White 49%
Black 21%
Hispanic 20%
Multiple race 2%
American Indian/Alaskan Native 1%
Asian/Pacific Islander 1%
Unknown/missing 6%
Perpetrator relationship to victim
Parent 78%
Relative 7%
Unmarried partner of parent 3%
Other nonparent* 10%
Professional** 1%
Unknown 2%

Notes: This table is based on sample data from a varying number of states.
*Other nonparent includes friends and neighbors, legal guardians, more than one non-parental perpetrators.
**Professional includes adults who care for children as part of their employment duties, such as child daycare providers, foster parents, and group home staff, as well as other professionals.

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  • The majority of perpetrators (83%) were between the ages of 18 and 44 years in 2019.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02111.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on August 30, 2021.

Data Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Children, Youth, and Families. Child Maltreatment 2019. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.


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