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Juveniles as Victims
School Crime Victimization
Q: How does juvenile violent crime victimization vary between school days and nonschool days?
A: Rates of violent victimization for juveniles were higher for school days than nonschool days.

Victimizations per 1,000 juvenile violent crime victims

Time School days Nonschool days
6AM 6.3 3.8
7AM 19.9 6.2
8AM 32.9 15.7
9AM 25.8 12.6
10AM 27.0 14.2
11AM 31.8 15.7
12PM 44.8 28.1
1PM 33.0 18.8
2PM 42.4 22.7
3PM 56.1 26.4
4PM 43.7 26.3
5PM 34.8 27.0
6PM 33.4 28.4
7PM 30.0 28.8
8PM 29.2 29.9
9PM 24.3 28.3
10PM 18.0 24.0
11PM 12.5 18.0
12AM 9.3 14.9
1AM 6.0 11.8
2AM 4.5 8.6
3AM 3.5 6.5
4AM 2.8 4.5
5AM 2.8 3.7

Note: Violent victimizations include the crimes of murder, sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault. Data are from law enforcement agencies in 37 states and the District of Columbia.

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • Nearly 1 in 5 (16.8%) of all violent crimes with juvenile victims occurs between 3 p.m. and 7 p.m. on school days.
  • Juveniles were twice as likely to be victimized between 3 p.m. and 4 p.m. on school days than in the same time period on nonschool days (i.e., weekends and the summer months).
  • On school days, juveniles were twice as likely to be violently victimized in the 4 hours between 3 and 7 p.m. than they were in the 4 hours between 8 p.m. and midnight.
  • The risk of violent juvenile victimization was greater in the 4 hours after school than the 8 p.m.-to-midnight period on nonschool days.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02203.asp?qaDate=2016. Released on October 22, 2018.

Data Source: National Archive of Criminal Justice Data. National Incident-Based Reporting System Extract Files for 2016 [Computer files]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor].


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