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Juveniles as Victims
Violent Crime Victimization
Q: Has the number of juveniles killed with a firearm changed since 1980?
A: The number of juveniles murdered using a firearm fell 41% between 2006 and 2013, then increased 40% through 2019.

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  • Between 1984 and 1993, the number of juveniles killed with a firearm increased more than 200%. By 2003, the number of firearm-related juvenile homicides was 60% below the 1993 peak.
  • The large drop in the number of juveniles killed with a firearm after 1993 resulted in the overall number of juvenile homicides in 2003 falling to its lowest level since at least 1984.
  • However, between 2003 and 2006, murders of juveniles by firearms increased 38%, then fell 41% through 2013. Since this decline, the number of juveniles killed with a firearm has generally increased; in 2019, the number of juveniles killed by a firearm was 40% above the number killed in 2013.
  • Firearms were used less often in the killings of young children. In 2019, for example, 25% of homicide victims under age 12 were killed by a firearm compared to 88% of victims ages 1217.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02306.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on November 16, 2020.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C., Chamberlin, G. and Kang, W. (2020). Easy Access to the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Reports. Available on-line at: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezashr/.

Data Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Supplementary Homicide Reports for the years 19802019 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: FBI.


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