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Juveniles as Victims
Violent Crime Victimization
Q: Does juvenile homicide victimization vary by race?
A: While white juvenile homicide victims outnumbered black juvenile homicide victims for most years between 1980 and 2019, black homicide victims outnumbered white victims each year since 2014.

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  • In the early 1980s, the homicide rate for black juveniles was about 4 times the rate for white juveniles. This disparity increased so much that by 1993 the black rate was 6 times the white rate. The relatively greater decline in black juvenile homicides between 1993 and 1998 (down 48%, compared with a 26% decline for whites) returned the disparity in black-to-white homicide rates to 4-to-1. The ratio stayed within a limited range (4.3 to 4.7) between 2004 and 2013. By 2019, the homicide rate for black juveniles was nearly 6 times the white rate.
  • More than half (54%) of juvenile homicide victims with known race in 2019 were black, 42% were white, and 3% were American Indian or Asian.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02310.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on November 16, 2020.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C., Chamberlin, G. and Kang, W. (2020). Easy Access to the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Reports. Available on-line at: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezashr/.

Data Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Supplementary Homicide Reports for the years 19802019 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: FBI.

 

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