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Juveniles as Victims
Violent Crime Victimization
Q: Does youth homicide victimization vary by race?
A: White youth homicide victims outnumbered Black youth homicide victims for most years since 1980, but Black victims outnumbered white victims each year since 2014.

Youth homicide victims by race, 1980-2020

Year White Black Other race
1980 1,020 703 26
1981 976 674 28
1982 959 686 37
1983 853 644 34
1984 832 589 37
1985 862 655 48
1986 894 774 44
1987 852 810 35
1988 910 976 33
1989 987 1,094 48
1990 1,088 1,140 44
1991 1,193 1,306 62
1992 1,163 1,308 77
1993 1,249 1,487 86
1994 1,178 1,385 89
1995 1,235 1,277 92
1996 1,174 1,135 67
1997 969 961 107
1998 1,024 831 53
1999 921 774 82
2000 808 712 41
2001 845 726 52
2002 796 707 55
2003 770 708 47
2004 789 709 37
2005 811 754 41
2006 872 845 46
2007 870 860 47
2008 847 805 45
2009 749 716 49
2010 681 702 43
2011 669 644 44
2012 659 598 28
2013 587 567 42
2014 586 646 30
2015 604 645 30
2016 600 675 49
2017 588 733 36
2018 576 673 33
2019 566 728 45
2020 706 980 42

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • Trends in the number of homicide victims followed a similar pattern for white and Black youth, but the likelihood of being a victim is greater for Black youth than white youth.
  • In the early 1980s, the homicide rate for Black youth was about 4 times the rate for white youth. This disparity increased so much that by 1993 the Black rate was 6 times the white rate. The relatively greater decline in the homicide rate for Black youth between 1993 and 1998 (down 48%, compared with a 26% decline for whites) returned the disparity in Black-to-white homicide rates to 4-to-1. The ratio stayed within a limited range (4.2 to 4.7) between 2004 and 2013. By 2020, the disparity in Black-to-white homicide rates returned to the 1993 peak of 6-to-1.
  • More than half (57%) of youth homicide victims with known race in 2020 were Black, 41% were white, and 2% were American Indian or Asian.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02310.asp?qaDate=2020. Released on December 09, 2021.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C., Chamberlin, G. and Kang, W. (2021). Easy Access to the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Reports. Available on-line at: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezashr/.

Data Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Supplementary Homicide Reports for the years 19802020 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: FBI.

 

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