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Juveniles as Victims
Violent Crime Victimization
Q: Does juvenile homicide victimization vary by sex?
A: The large increase and subsequent decline in youth homicides was nearly all attributable to changes in homicides of males.

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  • The large increase in juvenile homicides between 1984 and 1993 (up 94%) and the subsequent decline through 2002 (down 45%) were nearly all attributable to changes in homicides of male juveniles. Males accounted for 85% of the growth in juvenile homicide victims between 1984 and 1993 and 82% of the decline between 1993 and 2002.
  • The number of juvenile female homicide victims declined between 2002 and 2006 (down 16%). Following an increase between 2006-2007, the number of juvenile female murder victims fell 34% through 2013, reaching its lowest level of the period. This decline was followed by an increase through 2016, and then a 17% decline through 2019. In 2019, females accounted for 27% of all homicide victims under age 18.
  • The annual number of juvenile male homicide victims increased 30% between 2002 and 2006, then declined 37% through 2014, reaching its lowest level since at least 1980. This decline was followed by an 19% increase through 2019.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02312.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on November 16, 2020.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C., Chamberlin, G. and Kang, W. (2020). Easy Access to the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Reports. Available on-line at: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezashr/.

Data Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Supplementary Homicide Reports for the years 19802019 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: FBI.


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