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Juveniles as Victims
Violent Crime Victimization
Q: How do the number of juvenile suicide victims compare to the number of juvenile homicide victims?
A: Since 2009, the annual number of youth suicide victims exceeded the number of youth homicide victims.

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  • Homicide victims ages 10 to 17 outnumbered youth suicide victims through 1999. More recently, however, the trend reversed as suicide victims outnumbered homicide victims annually since 2009. In 2019, the number of suicide victims was 80% above the number of homicide victims.
  • Suicide and homicide victimization have been on the rise in recent years, but the increase in suicides started earlier than the increase in homicides. The number of youth suicide victims increased each year since 2010, rising 82% to reach a peak in 2018, then declined 10% by 2019. Conversely, homicides increased from 2013 through 2017 (up 33%), fell 5% through 2018, then increased 6% by 2019. However, the number of homicide victims in 2019 remains well below the 1993 peak.
  • Suicide and homicide, respectively, were the second and third leading causes of death among youth ages 10 to 17 between 2015 and 2019.
  • In 2019, nearly half (47%) of all youth suicides were the result of some form of suffocation (e.g., hanging), 40% were committed with a firearm, and about 12% by a different method (e.g., poisoning).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02701.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on April 16, 2021.

Data source: Office of Statistics and Programming, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC. WISQARS (Web-Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System) [interactive database system]. Online. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html


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