Statistical Briefing Book > Juveniles as Victims Previous Page
Violent Crime Victimization
Q: Do the number of suicide and homicide victims vary by sex?
A: For both male and female youth, suicides have outnumbered homicides in recent years.
  • Suicide and homicide victimization have been on the rise in recent years for both genders, but the increase in suicides started earlier (2010) than the increase in homicides (2013). Since 2010, the number of suicides increased 54% for males and 89% for females. Comparatively, since 2013, the number of male homicide victims increased 38% and 17% for females.
  • The suicide-to-homicide ratio varies considerably by gender. For example, in 2019, for every 10 homicides involving a male victim, there were about 15 suicide victims. Conversely, for every 10 homicides involving a female victim, there were 35 female suicide victims.
  • The method of suicide differed for male and female youth. Firearms were involved in 49% of male suicides and 21% of female suicides between 2015 and 2019 while suffocation was involved in 59% of female suicides and 44% of male suicides.
  • Between 2015 and 2019, suicide was the second leading cause of death for both males and females ages 10-17, while homicides were the third leading cause of death among males and the fourth leading cause of death for females during this period.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: Released on April 16, 2021.

Data source: Office of Statistics and Programming, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC. WISQARS (Web-Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System) [interactive database system]. Online. Available: