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Juveniles as Victims
Violent Crime Victimization
Q: Do the number of suicide and homicide victims vary by sex?
A: For both male and female youth, suicides have outnumbered homicides in recent years.

Number of suicide and homicide victims ages 10-17, by gender 1990-2019

Year Male suicide Male homicide Female suicide Female homicide
1990 910 1,330 255 348
1991 936 1,526 238 342
1992 992 1,556 247 377
1993 985 1,705 262 408
1994 1,033 1,685 271 365
1995 1,033 1,560 235 402
1996 925 1,315 277 332
1997 930 1,132 263 265
1998 904 940 251 257
1999 807 867 195 248
2000 859 768 223 202
2001 801 738 219 187
2002 758 720 212 229
2003 709 755 203 159
2004 742 775 285 211
2005 770 861 247 193
2006 700 994 237 195
2007 646 922 188 202
2008 716 867 262 196
2009 765 790 287 175
2010 738 714 264 162
2011 826 606 298 155
2012 837 592 328 161
2013 872 555 368 121
2014 939 556 402 143
2015 960 638 435 146
2016 1,034 671 494 173
2017 1,275 729 498 173
2018 1,305 663 520 191
2019 1,135 767 499 142

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • Suicide and homicide victimization have been on the rise in recent years for both genders, but the increase in suicides started earlier (2010) than the increase in homicides (2013). Since 2010, the number of suicides increased 54% for males and 89% for females. Comparatively, since 2013, the number of male homicide victims increased 38% and 17% for females.
  • The suicide-to-homicide ratio varies considerably by gender. For example, in 2019, for every 10 homicides involving a male victim, there were about 15 suicide victims. Conversely, for every 10 homicides involving a female victim, there were 35 female suicide victims.
  • The method of suicide differed for male and female youth. Firearms were involved in 49% of male suicides and 21% of female suicides between 2015 and 2019 while suffocation was involved in 59% of female suicides and 44% of male suicides.
  • Between 2015 and 2019, suicide was the second leading cause of death for both males and females ages 10-17, while homicides were the third leading cause of death among males and the fourth leading cause of death for females during this period.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02702.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on April 16, 2021.

Data source: Office of Statistics and Programming, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC. WISQARS (Web-Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System) [interactive database system]. Online. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html

 

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