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Juveniles as Victims
Violent Crime Victimization
Q: Do the number of suicide and homicide victims vary by race/ethnicity?
A: Since 1990, suicide was more prevalent than homicide for white youth, while the reverse was true for black youth.
* Excludes persons of Hispanic ethnicity.

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  • In stark contrast to the patterns involving black and Hispanic youth, the annual number of white suicide victims exceeded the annual number of homicide victims, and the gap has grown in recent years. The ratio of suicides to homicides was 2.5-to-1 in the 1990s and 3.5-to-1 in the 2000s; in the last 5 years, the ratio was 7-to-1.
  • Unlike the pattern among white youth, the annual number of black homicide victims exceeded the annual number of suicide victims, but the gap has narrowed in recent years. The ratio of homicides to suicides was 7-to-1 in the 1990s and 5-to-1 in the 2000s; in the last 5 years, the ratio was about 3-to-1.
  • While homicides of Hispanic youth outnumbered suicides in most years, the trend reversed in 2013; by 2019, the ratio of suicides to homicides was about 1.5-to-1 among Hispanic youth.
  • Between 2015 and 2019, suicide was the second leading cause of death for white and Hispanic youth, and the third leading cause of death for black youth (homicide was the first for black youth).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02703.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on April 16, 2021.

Data source: Office of Statistics and Programming, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC. WISQARS (Web-Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System) [interactive database system]. Online. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html


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