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Juveniles as Victims
Violent Crime Victimization
Q: Does the method of suicide vary by gender?
A: The method of suicide varies considerably by gender; suffocation is much more common among female suicide victims.

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  • The method of suicide changed considerably for females between 1990 and 2019. Firearms were involved in the majority of female suicides through 1999; since that time, suffocation has been the most common method of suicide among females. In 2019, 58% of female suicides involved suffocation and 21% involved a firearm.
  • Among male victims, firearms were involved in most suicides through 2002. Between 2002 and 2012, the proportion of suicides by firearm and those by suffocation were about the same; since 2013, firearms were the most common method among male victims. In 2019, 49% of male suicides involved a firearm and 42% were the result of suffocation.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02708.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on April 16, 2021.

Data source: Office of Statistics and Programming, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC. WISQARS (Web-Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System) [interactive database system]. Online. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html


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