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Juveniles as Victims
Violent Crime Victimization
Q: Does the time of day pattern for victims of family violence vary by the age of the victim?
A: Children under age 6 were at high risk of violent victimization at mealtimes (i.e., 8 a.m., noon, and 6 p.m.) by both family and nonfamily offenders.
Note: Violent crimes include murder, violent sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault. Data are from law enforcement agencies in 38 states and the District of Columbia.

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  • Violent crimes by family members against juveniles ages 12-17 were most frequent in the hours between 4 and 8 p.m.
  • Juveniles ages 6 to 17 were at greatest risk of violent victimization by nonfamily members (acquaintances or strangers) at 3 p.m. (the end of the school day). For victims ages 6 to 11 and 12 to 17, the risk declined sharply after 3 p.m., but after 8 p.m. older juveniles were far more likely to be victimized than younger juveniles.
  • Adult victimization by both family and nonfamily members increased hourly from morning through the evening hours, peaking between 8 p.m. to 10 p.m.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02804.asp?qaDate=2016. Released on October 22, 2018.

Data Source: National Archive of Criminal Justice Data. National Incident-Based Reporting System Extract Files for 2016 [Computer files]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor].


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