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     Human Trafficking - Services for Survivors

The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 is the first comprehensive federal law to address trafficking in persons. The law provides a three-pronged approach that includes prevention, protection, and prosecution. The TVPA was reauthorized through the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA) of 2003, 2005, 2008, 2013, and 2015.

Under U.S. federal law, "severe forms of trafficking in persons" includes both sex trafficking and labor trafficking:

  • Sex Trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, obtaining, patronizing, or soliciting of a person for the purposes of a commercial sex act, in which the commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age (22 USC § 7102).

  • Labor Trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purposes of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery, (22 USC § 7102).

During 2017, more than 8,500 cases of potential human trafficking were reported to the National Human Trafficking Hotline, a resource supported by the Administration for Children and Families (ACF), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). Approximately 71% were cases of sex trafficking and 15% were cases of labor trafficking with minors accounting for approximately 29% of all trafficking cases reported to the hotline.

The Department of Justice's anti-trafficking efforts involve numerous components engaged in investigating and prosecuting human trafficking crimes, stabilizing and supporting trafficking victims, and expanding outreach and training.  The Office of Justice Programs' Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) funds the Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Program to help state and local law enforcement agencies develop an effective response to technology-facilitated child sexual exploitation and Internet crimes against children.  OJJDP implements a number of training and capacity-building initiatives related to responding to and addressing the commercial sexual exploitation of children.  OJP's Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) helps victims find local programs, helplines, compensation programs and more. OVC provides resources for U.S. citizens both inside the U.S. and abroad as well as international victims. One such resource is a searchable database that allows victims to search by type of crime, such as human trafficking.

See these human trafficking survivor resources:

Services and Task Forces MapAccess to Victim Services

The OVC Human Trafficking site provides access to a searchable matrix of services for trafficking victims — including outreach, legal/court advocacy, specialized, mental health, emergency shelter and intensive case management — from organizations that are funded by OVC and Bureau of Justice Assistance grants. Also see the Services and Task Forces Map for easy access to this program information.

Additional Resources for Help

See the following additional resources for information and help for survivors through hotlines, housing services, legal assistance resources, and more:

Organization Contact Information Description Types of Service Audience
National Human Trafficking Hotline 888-373-7888 Funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and other private donors and supporters, the National Human Trafficking Hotline provides human trafficking victims and survivors the resources they need to get help and stay safe. In addition to a toll-free hotline for victims (888-373-7888), a referral directory is also available. hotline victims and survivors, service providers, law enforcement
Americans for Immigrant Justice 305-573-1106 Americans for Immigrant Justice is a non-profit law and advocacy firm that advocates for survivors of trafficking. legal victims and survivors, service providers
Childhelp 800-4-A-CHILD Childhelp works to prevent and treat child abuse through the National Child Abuse Hotline, prevention, intervention and treatment programs; community and advocacy centers; schools; and foster care and adoption services. hotline victims and survivors, service providers
Coalition to Abolish Slavery & Trafficking (CAST) 888-KEY-2-FREE/
CAST provides in-house social, shelter, legal services outreach and training to human trafficking victims. hotline, housing, legal and counseling services and other victims and survivors, service providers
Immigration Assistance for Non-U.S. Citizen Victims 800-375-5283 Through its Blue Campaign, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security provides immigration relief to encourage victims to work with law enforcement in human trafficking cases. hotline victims and survivors, law enforcement
National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (NCMEC) 800-THE-LOST NCMEC, which is partially funded with OJJDP support, offers critical intervention and prevention services to families and supports law enforcement agencies at the federal, state and local levels in cases involving missing children and child sexual exploitation. Through the NCMEC CyberTipline, leads and tips regarding suspected crimes of sexual exploitation against children can be reported. hotline, crisis intervention, other victims and survivors, law enforcement, service providers
National Crime Victim Bar Association 844-529-4357 or email victimbar@ncvc.org The National Crime Victim Bar Association, which is an affiliate and program of the National Center for Victims of Crime, is a professional association of attorneys and expert witnesses who help victims seek justice in the court system. legal victims and survivors, service providers
National Crime Victim Law Institute (NCVLI) NCVLI is a nonprofit legal education and advocacy organization whose mission is to actively promote balance and fairness in the justice system through crime victim centered legal advocacy, education and resource sharing. Through the NCVLI victims of trafficking offenses. legal victims and survivors, service providers
National Organization for Victim Assistance (NOVA) 800-TRY-NOVA NOVA is a national non-profit victims' assistance organization that has been working in the crime victimization field since 1975. legal, counseling, crisis intervention, other victims and survivors, service providers
National Runaway Safeline 800-RUNAWAY or text 66008 Funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, individual donors, corporate partners and grants, the National Runaway Safeline works with runaway, homeless and at-risk youth to keep them safe and off of the streets. hotline, housing victims and survivors, victims' families
Project REACH 617-232-1303, ext. 211 Project Reach is an OVC-funded program that provides consultation and brief mental health services to human trafficking victims around the United States. counseling, crisis intervention victims and survivors, service providers
Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network (RAINN) 800-656-HOPE (4673) Funded in part through a grant from OVC, RAINN is a national anti-sexual violence organization, which operates the Spanish) in partnership with more than 1,000 local sexual assault service providers nationwide. hotline, other victims and survivors, service providers
Victim Connect Resource Center 855-4-VICTIM
Through the OVC-funded Victim Connect Resource Center, trained victim assistance specialists listen to victims' needs, provide support, and connect them to resources. hotline, legal, counseling, housing, other victims and survivors

Learn More about Human Trafficking

Following are examples of additional websites that provide information and resources on human trafficking: