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JRFC Databook Juvenile Residential Facility Census Databook: 2000-2020



Facility type:
Identifies whether the placement facility was publicly or privately owned/operated.
  • Public Facilities: Facilities operated by State or local (county or municipality) government agencies in which the employees working daily in the facilities and directly with the residents are State or local government employees.
  • Private Facilities: Facilities operated by private non-profit or for-profit corporations or organizations in which the employees working daily in the facilities and directly with the residents are employees of that private corporation or organization.
Facility self-classification:
Respondents are allowed to select more than one type when classifying the facility. Boot camps and "other" facility types are not shown in this application.
  • Detention Center: a short-term facility that provides temporary care in a physically restricting environment for juveniles in custody pending court disposition and, often, for juveniles who are adjudicated delinquent and awaiting disposition or placement elsewhere, or are awaiting transfer to another jurisdiction.
  • Shelter: a short-term facility that provides temporary care similar to that of a detention center, but in a physically unrestricting environment. Includes runaway/homeless shelters and other types of shelters.
  • Reception/Diagnostic Center: a short-term facility that screens persons committed by the courts and assigns them to appropriate correctional facilities.
  • Group Home: a long-term facility in which residents are allowed extensive contact with the community, such as attending school or holding a job. Includes halfway houses.
  • Ranch/Wilderness Camp: a long-term residential facility for persons whose behavior does not necessitate the strict confinement of a long-term secure facility, often allowing them greater contact with the community. Includes ranches, forestry camps, wilderness or marine programs, or farms.
  • Residential treatment center: a facility that focuses on providing some type of individually planned treatment program for youth (substance abuse, sex offender, mental health, etc.) in conjunction with residential care. Such facilities generally require specific licensing by the state that may require that treatment provided is Medicaid-reimbursable.
  • Long-term secure facility: a specialized type of facility that provides strict confinement for its residents. Includes training schools, reformatories, and juvenile correctional facilities.
Facility size:
Facility size is based on the number of residents in a facility on the census reference date, including those charged with or adjudicated for an offense as well as those held for non-offense reasons (e.g., for abuse/neglect or mental health/substance abuse problems).
Facility crowding:
An indicator of a facility's operation in relation to the number of standard beds.
  • Under capacity: a facility that has more standard beds than residents on the census date (i.e. empty beds), is operating under capacity.
  • At capacity: a facility that has an equal number of residents and standard beds on the census reference date.
  • Over capacity: Also referred to as crowding, which occurs when a facility reports having more residents than standard beds on the census date. A facility that uses makeshift beds in order to house all youth on the census date is operating over their capacity and is consequently considered to be crowded.
State where the facility is located. As the focus of JRFC is on the facilities that hold youth, this collection only provides population counts of youth held in facilities in a particular state, regardless of where the offense was committed. State-level data presented from JRFC's companion collection, the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP), which collects information about the youth held in residential placement, is based on the state where the offense was committed (which is not always the same as the state where the facility is located). As a result, the population counts shown in this application are not comparable to state population counts derived from CJRP.
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