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EZAJCS Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics: 1985-2019

Demographic characteristics of cases handled by juvenile courts

Year Total 12 & under13 to 151617 & overMaleFemaleWhiteMinorityBlackAmerican IndianAsian/NHPIHispanic*
2019 722,600 62,600330,800173,000156,300522,300200,300310,200412,500254,80012,9008,700136,100
2018 737,600 62,200328,000180,800166,600535,400202,200325,400412,200253,80013,3008,200136,800
2017 787,500 62,600346,800197,400180,700574,300213,200346,900440,500274,10013,5008,600144,300
2016 814,700 62,700359,900201,600190,500590,300224,400351,300463,400287,70014,1008,700152,900
2015 866,300 67,300385,600215,100198,300627,500238,800374,900491,500305,10014,0009,500162,900
2014 929,900 73,600415,700229,400211,200675,400254,400399,200530,700332,40015,40010,500172,400
2013 998,500 80,500450,800248,500218,600725,100273,400435,400563,000352,80016,10011,700182,500
2012 1,105,300 89,800501,000278,500236,000798,700306,600499,100606,200374,60017,50013,700200,500
2011 1,202,900 95,600540,000305,800261,600869,000333,900540,000662,800403,40018,30015,500225,600
2010 1,320,900 101,000591,100340,200288,600952,400368,500595,000725,900441,80019,40017,200247,400
2009 1,440,100 104,500646,700372,700316,1001,037,100403,000654,100785,900488,20020,20018,600258,900
2008 1,571,800 114,500718,400401,400337,5001,140,400431,400718,600853,100537,30021,50020,000274,400
2007 1,593,300 121,300743,800399,500328,8001,160,300433,000741,600851,700539,00022,60020,200270,000
2006 1,586,400 128,200758,700388,200311,3001,163,600422,800750,100836,300533,50022,70021,200258,900
2005 1,647,700 142,600802,100389,200313,7001,193,700454,000792,700855,000546,50023,80022,200262,500
2004 1,653,500 155,900799,700387,600310,3001,205,400448,2001,077,700575,900528,10024,70023,1000
2003 1,651,000 166,900792,200381,900310,0001,214,000437,0001,096,800554,200506,20024,80023,2000
2002 1,655,300 175,900786,700385,900306,8001,219,300435,9001,111,000544,300495,60025,80022,9000
2001 1,668,100 184,200792,200386,500305,2001,237,700430,4001,130,800537,300488,70025,10023,5000
2000 1,691,900 185,000801,500387,800317,6001,265,700426,2001,152,700539,200490,90025,50022,8000
1999 1,709,800 183,400808,400403,400314,6001,295,900413,9001,164,800545,000496,30026,90021,8000
1998 1,769,500 183,800845,300417,000323,4001,347,400422,1001,212,200557,300505,30029,10022,9000
1997 1,855,200 192,300892,700440,900329,3001,423,000432,2001,253,200601,900549,20028,40024,4000
1996 1,836,900 189,600902,500433,200311,6001,423,300413,6001,244,400592,500540,80028,30023,5000
1995 1,799,600 199,600897,200403,300299,4001,403,600396,0001,208,400591,100543,00025,40022,7000
1994 1,688,500 188,500846,700376,600276,6001,330,800357,6001,130,000558,400507,10028,40022,9000
1993 1,552,600 178,100774,800342,300257,4001,237,200315,4001,037,800514,800469,70024,90020,3000
1992 1,497,900 185,900739,600323,800248,7001,207,600290,4001,007,000491,000442,90028,10020,0000
1991 1,425,600 178,300695,100316,600235,6001,155,800269,900957,700468,000422,70025,90019,3000
1990 1,304,100 161,500629,300290,300223,0001,056,500247,600885,800418,300383,80020,10014,4000
1989 1,231,400 152,900580,900276,800220,8001,000,900230,500843,900387,500352,00022,30013,3000
1988 1,207,800 141,800556,200277,600232,300979,000228,800835,600372,200339,40019,70013,1000
1987 1,200,200 139,000554,700290,400216,100969,600230,600854,600345,700313,50020,30012,0000
1986 1,197,000 130,300571,300284,600210,800969,500227,500864,900332,100301,70019,80010,6000
1985 1,161,500 138,000569,200260,000194,200937,300224,100851,000310,500280,50020,00010,0000

Note: The estimates in this table are rounded to the nearest 100.

With the release of the 2014 data in March 2017, detailed race estimates developed by the National Juvenile Court Data Archive (Archive) project were expanded to include estimates for cases involving Hispanic youth for data years 2005-2014. As a result of this change, the race data shown in this table are not comparable across all data years. For the 1985-2004 data period, the Archive project developed race estimates for 4 race groups (White, Black/African-American, American Indian/Alaskan Native, and Asian/Pacific Islanders) without consideration of ethnicity; that is, during this data period, persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race and are included within each of the four racial groups. Beginning with the 2005 data year, persons of Hispanic ethnicity are treated as a distinct race group and are excluded from the other race groups. For this reason, race estimates for the 1985-2004 data period are not comparable to the race estimates for the 2005-present data period. An important exception must be noted. Data provided to the project did not always allow for identification of Hispanic ethnicity for cases involving American Indian youth. Specifically, data from many jurisdictions did not include any means to determine the ethnicity of American Indian youth. Rather than assume ethnicity for these youth, they are classified solely on their racial classification; as such, the American Indian group includes an unknown proportion of Hispanic youth.

Suggested citation: Sickmund, M., Sladky, A., and Kang, W. (2021). "Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics: 1985-2019." Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezajcs/

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