Updated on August 22, 2018     Skip to Main Content

EZAJCS Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics: 1985-2016

Demographic characteristics of cases handled by juvenile courts

Year Total 12 & under13 to 151617 & overMaleFemaleWhiteMinorityBlackAmerican IndianAsian/NHPIHispanic*
2016 850,500 67,200374,200208,600200,500614,900235,600370,200480,400302,10014,6009,100154,600
2015 888,900 71,000394,700218,500204,700642,100246,800387,100501,800314,00014,4009,700163,800
2014 948,300 75,600423,000232,300217,400686,900261,400409,300539,100339,60015,70010,600173,200
2013 1,019,900 83,000459,800251,300225,900738,300281,600447,000572,900361,30016,40011,900183,300
2012 1,120,400 91,800506,100280,000242,600808,700311,700508,200612,300379,20017,70013,800201,500
2011 1,223,800 97,300547,700308,800270,000882,200341,600552,000671,800410,60018,60015,800226,900
2010 1,343,500 103,100600,100343,400297,000966,500377,000607,600735,900450,40019,80017,500248,200
2009 1,465,000 106,700656,300377,100324,9001,056,500408,500667,500797,500498,20020,40019,200259,700
2008 1,596,900 116,900728,400405,300346,4001,160,400436,500732,400864,500547,20021,80020,500275,000
2007 1,620,900 124,100754,900404,100337,8001,182,500438,400756,700864,200550,00022,80020,700270,700
2006 1,615,100 131,500770,400393,400319,9001,186,500428,700765,600849,500545,00023,10021,700259,700
2005 1,678,600 146,000816,000394,800321,8001,217,200461,400809,800868,800558,90024,10022,700263,100
2004 1,673,400 158,200808,500389,600317,0001,217,100456,3001,091,100582,300533,50025,30023,5000
2003 1,670,600 169,800801,500382,500316,8001,224,900445,7001,109,500561,100512,20025,30023,5000
2002 1,671,700 178,400795,000386,000312,4001,227,900443,8001,122,100549,600499,90026,50023,1000
2001 1,679,500 186,500797,900385,700309,5001,242,400437,1001,139,900539,600490,40025,30023,9000
2000 1,720,400 188,300814,200390,800327,1001,283,100437,3001,167,300553,100504,40025,70023,0000
1999 1,743,800 187,300829,700404,600322,2001,313,500430,2001,187,700556,100506,50027,50022,0000
1998 1,806,900 188,100866,500418,900333,3001,366,700440,1001,237,900569,000516,10029,70023,2000
1997 1,880,900 194,600910,300440,300335,6001,435,400445,4001,269,700611,200558,00028,60024,7000
1996 1,865,200 192,600921,600433,300317,6001,437,600427,6001,263,100602,100549,70028,40024,0000
1995 1,825,600 202,100915,800404,200303,5001,415,500410,1001,225,600600,000551,00025,80023,1000
1994 1,713,300 191,100865,100376,500280,6001,342,100371,2001,146,400566,900514,70028,70023,5000
1993 1,577,700 180,800793,700342,300260,9001,248,700329,0001,054,400523,300477,00025,10021,1000
1992 1,521,300 188,400756,700323,700252,5001,217,900303,3001,022,900498,400449,30028,30020,7000
1991 1,448,200 181,100712,500315,700238,8001,165,500282,600973,200475,000429,30026,20019,5000
1990 1,325,100 163,700645,900290,100225,5001,066,000259,100899,300425,800390,60020,60014,5000
1989 1,250,700 155,400596,600276,100222,6001,009,600241,100857,400393,300357,20022,70013,3000
1988 1,223,700 143,600569,500277,300233,300986,500237,300846,400377,400344,20020,00013,2000
1987 1,212,700 140,500565,900289,500216,800975,600237,100864,200348,500315,70020,60012,1000
1986 1,212,100 132,100584,600284,000211,400977,200234,900875,600336,500305,50020,10010,9000
1985 1,161,900 137,900569,200259,800195,000937,700224,100850,900311,000280,70020,00010,2000

Note: The estimates in this table are rounded to the nearest 100.

With the release of the 2014 data in March 2017, detailed race estimates developed by the National Juvenile Court Data Archive (Archive) project were expanded to include estimates for cases involving Hispanic youth for data years 2005-2014. As a result of this change, the race data shown in this table are not comparable across all data years. For the 1985-2004 data period, the Archive project developed race estimates for 4 race groups (White, Black/African-American, American Indian/Alaskan Native, and Asian/Pacific Islanders) without consideration of ethnicity; that is, during this data period, persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race and are included within each of the four racial groups. Beginning with the 2005 data year, persons of Hispanic ethnicity are treated as a distinct race group and are excluded from the other race groups. For this reason, race estimates for the 1985-2004 data period are not comparable to the race estimates for the 2005-present data period. An important exception must be noted. Data provided to the project did not always allow for identification of Hispanic ethnicity for cases involving American Indian youth. Specifically, data from many jurisdictions did not include any means to determine the ethnicity of American Indian youth. Rather than assume ethnicity for these youth, they are classified solely on their racial classification; as such, the American Indian group includes an unknown proportion of Hispanic youth.

Suggested citation: Sickmund, M., Sladky, A., and Kang, W. (2018). "Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics: 1985-2016." Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezajcs/

Go to top of page