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EZAJCS Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics: 1985-2018

Demographic characteristics of cases handled by juvenile courts

Year Total 12 & under13 to 151617 & overMaleFemaleWhiteMinorityBlackAmerican IndianAsian/NHPIHispanic*
2018 744,500 62,600331,600181,700168,600541,700202,800326,900417,500258,50013,5008,300137,200
2017 787,200 62,700346,700196,800180,900574,800212,400345,700441,500275,40013,5008,600144,000
2016 819,200 63,100361,000202,400192,700593,900225,300354,600464,600289,00014,1008,800152,700
2015 867,900 67,600385,500215,500199,400628,800239,200377,000490,900305,10014,0009,500162,300
2014 932,500 73,700416,200230,000212,600677,200255,300401,700530,700332,80015,40010,400172,100
2013 999,600 80,400450,800248,700219,600725,900273,700436,600563,000353,10016,10011,700182,100
2012 1,107,700 89,900501,500279,200237,100800,400307,300500,000607,700375,60017,50013,600200,900
2011 1,205,300 95,600540,500306,400262,900870,600334,700541,000664,200404,40018,30015,500226,100
2010 1,323,700 101,100591,800341,000289,800954,300369,300596,000727,700443,60019,40017,100247,500
2009 1,442,500 104,600647,300373,400317,2001,038,400404,100655,000787,500489,80020,20018,600258,900
2008 1,573,700 114,700718,800401,700338,5001,141,500432,200719,400854,300538,70021,50020,000274,200
2007 1,594,900 121,400743,900399,800329,9001,161,100433,800742,500852,400540,00022,50020,200269,700
2006 1,587,100 128,300758,300388,500312,0001,164,100423,000750,200836,900534,30022,60021,200258,700
2005 1,647,800 142,700801,700389,400314,1001,193,800454,100792,400855,400547,30023,80022,200262,100
2004 1,653,700 155,800799,700387,700310,5001,205,400448,3001,077,400576,300528,50024,60023,1000
2003 1,650,800 166,800791,900381,900310,2001,213,800437,0001,096,300554,500506,50024,80023,2000
2002 1,655,300 175,600786,700385,900307,1001,219,200436,1001,110,600544,700496,00025,80022,9000
2001 1,668,700 184,200792,100386,800305,6001,238,100430,6001,130,800537,900489,30025,10023,5000
2000 1,692,900 184,900801,700388,100318,3001,266,300426,6001,151,700541,200493,00025,50022,6000
1999 1,711,000 183,300808,300403,600315,8001,296,600414,4001,165,600545,400497,10026,80021,5000
1998 1,772,500 183,800845,800417,700325,2001,349,700422,8001,213,200559,300507,30029,10022,8000
1997 1,858,700 192,400893,400441,800331,1001,425,500433,2001,255,600603,000550,30028,40024,4000
1996 1,840,600 189,600903,300434,200313,5001,426,100414,5001,246,500594,100542,40028,20023,5000
1995 1,799,600 199,600897,200403,300299,4001,403,600395,9001,208,500591,000542,90025,40022,7000
1994 1,688,500 188,500846,700376,600276,6001,330,800357,6001,130,000558,400507,10028,40022,9000
1993 1,552,600 178,100774,800342,200257,4001,237,200315,4001,037,800514,700469,50024,90020,4000
1992 1,497,900 185,900739,500323,800248,7001,207,600290,4001,007,100490,800442,70028,10020,0000
1991 1,425,600 178,300695,100316,600235,6001,155,800269,900958,000467,600422,30025,90019,4000
1990 1,304,100 161,500629,300290,300223,0001,056,500247,600885,700418,300383,90020,10014,4000
1989 1,231,400 152,900580,900276,800220,8001,000,900230,600844,000387,400351,90022,30013,3000
1988 1,207,800 141,800556,100277,600232,300979,000228,800835,600372,200339,40019,70013,1000
1987 1,200,200 139,000554,700290,400216,200969,600230,600854,500345,700313,50020,20012,0000
1986 1,197,000 130,400571,300284,600210,800969,500227,500864,700332,300301,80019,90010,6000
1985 1,161,500 138,000569,200260,000194,200937,300224,100850,800310,700280,70020,00010,0000

Note: The estimates in this table are rounded to the nearest 100.

With the release of the 2014 data in March 2017, detailed race estimates developed by the National Juvenile Court Data Archive (Archive) project were expanded to include estimates for cases involving Hispanic youth for data years 2005-2014. As a result of this change, the race data shown in this table are not comparable across all data years. For the 1985-2004 data period, the Archive project developed race estimates for 4 race groups (White, Black/African-American, American Indian/Alaskan Native, and Asian/Pacific Islanders) without consideration of ethnicity; that is, during this data period, persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race and are included within each of the four racial groups. Beginning with the 2005 data year, persons of Hispanic ethnicity are treated as a distinct race group and are excluded from the other race groups. For this reason, race estimates for the 1985-2004 data period are not comparable to the race estimates for the 2005-present data period. An important exception must be noted. Data provided to the project did not always allow for identification of Hispanic ethnicity for cases involving American Indian youth. Specifically, data from many jurisdictions did not include any means to determine the ethnicity of American Indian youth. Rather than assume ethnicity for these youth, they are classified solely on their racial classification; as such, the American Indian group includes an unknown proportion of Hispanic youth.

Suggested citation: Sickmund, M., Sladky, A., and Kang, W. (2020). "Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics: 1985-2018." Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezajcs/

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