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EZAJCS Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics: 1985-2017

Demographic characteristics of cases handled by juvenile courts

Year Total 12 & under13 to 151617 & overMaleFemaleWhiteMinorityBlackAmerican IndianAsian/NHPIHispanic*
2017 818,900 66,000359,900203,000189,900596,500222,400359,800459,100287,60013,6008,800149,100
2016 839,600 66,000370,000205,700198,000606,800232,900364,500475,200297,70014,1009,100154,300
2015 886,800 70,500393,800218,100204,400640,000246,800386,400500,400312,50014,1009,700164,100
2014 948,700 76,000423,300232,100217,300686,600262,100409,200539,500339,90015,50010,600173,400
2013 1,020,600 83,200460,400251,400225,600738,000282,600446,800573,800362,10016,20011,900183,600
2012 1,121,800 92,000507,200280,400242,200808,300313,500507,800614,000380,90017,60013,800201,600
2011 1,221,600 97,400547,100308,000269,000880,000341,500550,500671,100409,90018,50015,700227,000
2010 1,342,400 103,200599,800343,000296,300965,100377,300606,600735,800450,50019,60017,500248,200
2009 1,463,700 106,900656,200376,500324,2001,050,300413,500666,300797,400498,00020,40019,200259,900
2008 1,595,000 116,800727,900404,600345,7001,153,300441,600730,800864,200546,90021,60020,400275,300
2007 1,619,000 124,100754,600403,500336,8001,174,900444,100755,000864,000549,80022,70020,700270,800
2006 1,612,800 131,400769,800392,600319,0001,178,600434,200763,700849,200544,80022,80021,700259,800
2005 1,676,800 145,900815,500394,200321,2001,210,000466,800807,900868,800558,70024,00022,700263,400
2004 1,675,100 158,400809,100390,000317,6001,218,000457,1001,091,500583,600535,00025,10023,5000
2003 1,673,200 170,000802,400383,000317,8001,226,600446,6001,110,400562,800514,00025,20023,5000
2002 1,675,500 178,700796,200386,800313,8001,230,500445,0001,123,400552,200502,60026,30023,2000
2001 1,688,600 187,300801,500387,600312,3001,249,200439,4001,143,300545,300496,10025,30023,9000
2000 1,713,800 187,800811,600389,300325,1001,277,800435,9001,164,700549,100500,50025,70023,0000
1999 1,744,900 187,300830,200404,900322,5001,314,400430,5001,188,400556,400506,80027,60022,0000
1998 1,801,100 187,200864,800417,700331,4001,364,100437,0001,231,800569,300516,40029,70023,2000
1997 1,883,100 194,700911,400440,900336,1001,437,000446,2001,271,100612,100558,80028,50024,7000
1996 1,868,000 192,800922,900434,100318,2001,440,000428,0001,264,500603,500551,00028,40024,1000
1995 1,824,900 202,000915,500404,100303,3001,415,100409,8001,225,400599,400550,60025,80023,1000
1994 1,713,200 191,100865,100376,500280,5001,342,000371,2001,146,600566,600514,40028,70023,5000
1993 1,577,700 180,800793,700342,400260,8001,248,700329,0001,054,300523,400477,10025,20021,1000
1992 1,521,300 188,400756,700323,600252,5001,217,900303,3001,022,800498,400449,30028,40020,7000
1991 1,448,200 181,100712,500315,700238,8001,165,500282,600973,200475,000429,10026,30019,6000
1990 1,325,100 163,700645,900290,000225,5001,066,000259,100899,400425,700390,70020,50014,5000
1989 1,250,700 155,400596,700276,100222,6001,009,600241,000857,500393,200357,10022,70013,3000
1988 1,223,700 143,600569,500277,300233,400986,500237,300846,300377,400344,20020,00013,2000
1987 1,212,700 140,400565,900289,500216,800975,600237,100864,300348,400315,70020,60012,1000
1986 1,212,100 132,100584,600284,000211,400977,200234,900875,500336,600305,60020,10010,8000
1985 1,161,900 137,900569,200259,700195,000937,700224,100850,900310,900280,70020,00010,2000

Note: The estimates in this table are rounded to the nearest 100.

With the release of the 2014 data in March 2017, detailed race estimates developed by the National Juvenile Court Data Archive (Archive) project were expanded to include estimates for cases involving Hispanic youth for data years 2005-2014. As a result of this change, the race data shown in this table are not comparable across all data years. For the 1985-2004 data period, the Archive project developed race estimates for 4 race groups (White, Black/African-American, American Indian/Alaskan Native, and Asian/Pacific Islanders) without consideration of ethnicity; that is, during this data period, persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race and are included within each of the four racial groups. Beginning with the 2005 data year, persons of Hispanic ethnicity are treated as a distinct race group and are excluded from the other race groups. For this reason, race estimates for the 1985-2004 data period are not comparable to the race estimates for the 2005-present data period. An important exception must be noted. Data provided to the project did not always allow for identification of Hispanic ethnicity for cases involving American Indian youth. Specifically, data from many jurisdictions did not include any means to determine the ethnicity of American Indian youth. Rather than assume ethnicity for these youth, they are classified solely on their racial classification; as such, the American Indian group includes an unknown proportion of Hispanic youth.

Suggested citation: Sickmund, M., Sladky, A., and Kang, W. (2019). "Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics: 1985-2017." Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezajcs/

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